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do you/ are you

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1. What are some rules for using "do you/are you"?
2. How does using either one effect the conjugation of the rest of the sentence?


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Nov 13, 2002
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American English
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mas94010 said:
1. What are some rules for using "do you/are you"?
2. How does using either one effect the conjugation of the rest of the sentence?

First of all, both phrases have a subject-verb inversion, marking the statement as a question.

We use "do I", "do you" "does he/she it", "do we", "do they" (present tense); "did I/you/he/she/it/we/they" (past tense); and "will I/you/he/she/it/we/they" (future tense). These phrases are followed by the base form (bare infinitive, if you prefer) of the verb. The base verb form shows no tense or person change.

Do I go through this door?
Do you think I'm pretty?
Does she have the unbrella?
Do we belong here?
Do they always eat so early?

Did I forget to lock the door?
Did you bring the beer?
Did he fracture his leg?
Did we win the match?
Did they come home on time?

Will I receive the check by Monday?
Will you hold the bag for me?
Will it be all right?
Will we leave soon?
Will they ever stop complaining?

We use "am I", "are you", "is he/she/it", "are we", "are they" (present tense); "was I", "were you", "was he/she/it", "were we", "were they" (past tense); "will I/you/he/she/it/we/they" (future tense. This construction is used for linking verbs with a predicate nominative or predicat adjective as a verb complement. We also use this form for the progressive form of the verb. The future tense form can be followed by "be" to indicate a future state or passive action.

Am I late? (predicate adjective)
Are you the doctor? (predicate nominative)
Is she coming? (progressive form)
Are we expecting too much? (progressive again)
Are they going to be honored. (progressive for future)

Was I late?
Were you the plumber who fixed my sink?
Was he sitting at his desk?
Were we wasting our time?
Were they the ones whjo robbed the bank?

Will I be paid on Wednesday?
Will you accompany me?
Will she wash the car?
Will we be served the same meal?
Will they be prosecuted?

If you have further questions, please post them here.


Dec 18, 2003
mas94010 said:
1. What are some rules for using "do you/are you"?
2. How does using either one effect the conjugation of the rest of the sentence?

A. Simple Present – Aspect of General Time

‘Do’ is used as an auxiliary verb followed by the base form (=infinitive without ‘to’ of a full verb) in interrogative, negative or negative-interrogative structures, referring to a permanent state of affairs or to an activity that happens from time to time or repeatedly, but not necessarily at this very moment.

General questions:
Do you like tea?
Does she like reading?
Does he get up early?
Do you know Dave?
Do you speak Spanish?
Do the children go to bed early?

b) In questions introduced by ‘do’ or ‘does’, you can also use adverbs of frequency*:
Do you often go to the cinema?
Do you sometimes read the paper/watch TV/write letters, etc.?
Does she always get up so early?

*some adverbs of frequency: never, rarely, seldom, sometimes, often, usually, generally, always

c) You can use the simple present in questions beginning with question words:
How often do you go to the cinema?
What do you do? (= What’s your occupation?)
What does the word ‘acronym’ mean?
How do you do?
What time do the children go to bed?
Where does Ms Watson have lunch?

B. Present Continuous = Present Progressive = Real Present
The construction ‘are you’ followed by the present participle (= the –ing form of a verb) is normally used:
a) to refer to an activity that is happening precisely at this moment:
Are you talking to me or to Jane?
Q: What are you doing?
A: I’m watching TV.)
Q: Who(m) are you asking? Me or Jane?
A: I’m asking Jane.
Q: What is he saying?
A: He’s saying that you’re late again.
Q: What are you talking about?
A: I’m talking about the progressive aspect.

b) when you wish to suggest that an activity is taking place temporarily, even if not at this very moment:
Q: Who is she staying with?
A: She’s staying with a friend for a couple of days.
Q: What’s Julia playing this season?
A: She’s playing tennis for a change.
Q: What are you studying?
A: I’m studying Spanish.

c) You can also use the present progressive for future events if they are the result of something already definitely arranged:

Q: Are you coming tomorrow?
A: No, I’m not. Tomorrow, I’m flying to London.
Q: Are you staying at home tonight?
A: No, I’m going out.

:) :) :) [/img]
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