english grammar

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Anonymous

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I have several questions! Here they are:
I need to change the following sentences from passive to active:
(1)Passive- 'Were you taught to read by your parents?'
To make this an active sentence would I say 'Did your parents teach you how to read?
(2) Passive- 'Are we going to be met at the train station by your cousin?'
To make this an active sentence would I say, 'Is your cousin going to met us at the train station?'
(3) Passive- 'the bear was chased up a tree by a dog.'
To make active- 'the dog chased the bear up the tree.' (Is that correct?)
ALSO- Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
We are supposed to change the sentences to the passive if possible and identify the verbs as transitive or intransitive :
(1) Sentence- 'Did the Koreans invent gunpowder?' The transitive verb is invent-the object is gunpowder. So a passive sentence would be-
' Gunpowder was invented by the Koreans.' (Is this correct?)
(2) 'In the fairy tale, a princess kissed a frog.' The transitive verb is kissed and the object is frog. The passice sentence is, "'A frog was kissed by the princess."
3.) 'Many people saw the accident.' I can say 'the accident was seen by many people' and make it into a passive sentence but accident is not an object-and a transitive verb needs to be followed by an object or else it can't be used in the passive. Can you explain this sentence to me?
Active Versus Passive:
I need to add the correct form of the verb-active or passive-in the sentences:
Our morning paper (read) by over 200,000 people every day.
I would write, Our morning is read ...." I would make it in the active voice, right?
'Where are you going to go to school next year?'
Would I say, 'I have been accepted by Shoreline College.'
OR 'I was accepted by Shoreline College.'
'Roberto (write) this composition last week.'
Would I say, 'Roberto has written this composition last week.'
OR 'Roberto wrote this composition last week.'
'Since that time, it (be) the most famous landmark in Paris.'
Would I say, 'Since that time, it has been the most famous landmark in Paris.
 

Casiopea

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Welcome. :hi:

Were you taught to read by your parents?
Did your parents teach you how to read? :D

Are we going to be met at the train station by your cousin?
Is your cousin going to met us at the train station? :D

The bear was chased up a tree by a dog.
A dog chased the bear up a tree. :D

Did the Koreans invent gunpowder?
Transitive verb: invent :D
Object of the verb: gunpowder. :D
Passive: Gunpowder was invented by the Koreans. :D But,...

==> Since 'Did the Koreans...?' is in the form of a question, shouldn't the answer also be in the form of a question?

In the fairy tale, a princess kissed a frog.
Transitive verb: kissed :D
Object: a frog :D
Passive: In the fairytale, a frog was kissed by a princess. :D

Many people saw the accident.
Tranistive verb: saw :D :D But, 'saw' is a stative verb
Object: accident :D
Passive: The accident was seen by many people. :?:

Note, The accident was seen by many people sounds odd because the subject, 'many people', experiences the event, so if we place it at the end of the sentence, attached to a 'by' phrase, it becomes secondary in importance. In other words, by changing the position of the subject/experiencer in the sentence, we reduce its importance. :(

Active voice is best for stative verbs. But, nevertheless, stative verbs can be placed in the passive if the experiencer is either unknown or not important:

EX: He was seen riding his horse last week. (Passive, OK) :up:

The event: he was riding his horse is more important than the subject, the person/people who saw him do it, and so, in this case, it's possible to use passive voice.


In short, if the subject is important, use active voice; if the object is more important than the subject, use passive voice. 8)

Our morning paper (read) by over 200,000 people every day.
Our morning is read.... :D

Where are you going to go to school next year?
I have been accepted by Shoreline College.' :D (Recently)
I was accepted by Shoreline College.' :D

Roberto (write) this composition last week.
Roberto has written this composition last week. :(
Roberto wrote this composition last week. :D

Note, 'last week', an adverb, tells us more about the verb, 'has written', but that verb happens to be in the form of the Present Perfect, and since those verbs express unfinished time, they are not compatible with words that express finished time (i.e. yesterday, last week, and so on).

Since that time, it (be) the most famous landmark in Paris.
Since that time, it has been the most famous landmark in Paris. :D

All the best, :D
 
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