freedom and belonging

keannu

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Paradoxes are statements that seem contradictory but are actually true. Paradoxical values are found within cultures and between cultures. An example is the individual freedom-belonging paradox. Individualism is a strong element of American society, and so is the need to belong.
It seems paradoxical that both freedom and belonging are strong values of a single culture. The explanation is that in an individualistic society where people want to “do things their own way” and “go it alone,” people tend to become lonely if they don’t make an effort to belong. The opposite is found in Japan, where belonging is an integral part of society, and it takes an effort to behave in an individualistic way. According to the American Society of Association Executives in Washington, D.C., in 1995, there were some 100,000 associations and clubs in the United States. Seven of every 10 Americans belong to at least one club. There is no such phenomenon in Japan.
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Certain (A) values that exist in one culture also exist in another culture but (B) .
(A) (B)
① moral …… in reverse
② moral …… in turn
③ traditional …… temporarily
④ opposing …… in reverse
⑤ opposing …… temporarily

What does the underlined mean? Does it mean "Even in America, there's a belonging culture such as associations, but not in enough number as in Japan"?
 
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Rover_KE

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keannu

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It's one of a high school mockup test for college entrance exam.
 
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