[Vocabulary] giving students the opportunity to provide some feedback.

newkeenlearner

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Are these two sentences equivalent?

To address these problems, the university president decided to conduct a survey, giving students the opportunity to provide some feedback.

To address these problems, the university president decided to conduct a survey, and gave students the opportunity to provide some feedback.
 

Roman55

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They are not exactly the same. The first one means that the survey was the very thing that gave the students the opportunity to provide feedback, while the second one suggests that the survey was one thing and the opportunity to provide feedback was another.
 

newkeenlearner

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The first one means that the survey was the very thing that gave the students the opportunity to provide feedback
Is there any structure that suggests exactly what you mentioned above, apart from the original one?
 

Roman55

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You could insert some more words into the second sentence so that it means the same as the first, but it wouldn't be an improvement.

To address these problems, the university president decided to conduct a survey, and [thus/thereby/in so doing] gave students the opportunity to provide some feedback.
 

newkeenlearner

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Can I use " [thus/thereby/in so doing]" in an academic essay too?
 

sania-baharat

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Are these two sentences equivalent?

To address these problems, the university president decided to conduct a survey, giving students the opportunity to provide some feedback.
May I ask the bold sentence is a reduced adjective clause or is it a different grammar structure?
a survey which gave students the ...
 
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