gramar

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There are several gramar techniques I need to learn, were can I find rules and ecercises?.

1) The use of apostrophe
2) The use of conjunction "of"
3) When to use "a" or "an"
4) when to use "one" or "ones"
5) when is needed to use "however"
6 what is the use of "this" versus "these"
7) when to use "ed" at the end of a word?
8 when to use brought or bring
9) Use of "it"
10) use of "ing"
11) use of e
12) be being
13) rules for double consonants
14) use of
 

Red5

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I'll leave this for one of our teachers to answer. ;-)

(sorry it has taken so long to reply - I've no idea why, but our forum did not show this message until now)
 

RonBee

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I'll take number three. :wink:

Use a before a noun that begins with a consonant sound. Example: "I want to buy a car." Use an before a noun that begins with a vowel sound. Example: "I would like an apple."

If you register with the forum you will receive email notifications of messages.

:)
 

Tdol

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2) The use of conjunction "of"

'Of' is used to join words together when no moification of meaning is required- 'Cup of coffeee'. Here it merely joins the two words and doesn't modify them in any other way. It is the second most common word in the English language. ;-)
 

RonBee

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Use apostrophes to form contractions or to show possession. It is important to note that the possessive pronouns do not use apostrophes to indicate possession. Also, apostrophes are not used (except incorrectly) to pluralize words.

contractions
  • can't = can not
    aren't =are not
    isn't = is not
    it's = it is
    wasn't = was not
    they're = they are
    we're we are
    I'm = I am
    I'll = I will
    she'll = she will
    he'll he will
    they'll = they will
    he's = he is
    she's she is

possessives
  • dog's = belonging to the dog
    Red's = belonging to Red
    Tdol's = belonging to Tdol
    Ron's = belonging to Ron
    Mike's = belonging to Mike

:wink:
 

Tdol

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4) when to use "one" or "ones"

One is a singular pronoun, where there is a choice- I've got five newspapers, take one.

Ones is plural- I'm not eating any more biscuits- the last ones I ate made me feel sick. ;-)
 

Casiopea

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mama said:
There are several grammar techniques I need to learn, where can I find rules and exercises?. [

6) what is the use of "this" versus "these"
7) when to use "ed" at the end of a word?
8) when to use brought or bring

'this' and 'these' are demonstrative pronouns used to refer to items/people close to the speaker. Use 'this' for singular and 'these' for plural. Example:

This book (over here) is blue.
These books (over here) are blue.

Use 'that' (singular) and 'those' (plural) to refer to items/people far from the speaker. Example:

That book (over there) is blue.
Those books (over there) are blue.

'-ed' is a past tense suffix. Add it to verbs to form the past tense. Example:

I walk today.
I walked yesterday.

Some verbs don't take '-ed'. Those verbs are called irregular verbs. Example:

bring => brought

You have to memorize the list of irregular verbs. All other verbs take '-ed'.

:D
 

RonBee

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Use however to contradict in some fashion what has previously been said. Example:
  • I agree with you that today is a good day to go skiing. However, I don't think you should go. It might also be a good day for avalanches.
 

RonBee

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Re:
  • 9) Use of "it"
    10) use of "ing"
    11) use of e
Use it as a pronoun. Example:
  • A: Do you know what happened to the cheese?
    B: Yes, I ate the last of it.
In the above example, it is a pronoun for cheese.

Use ing to form the present progressive or present participle. Examples:
  • I enjoy swimming. Yesterday, I went swimming. I am swimming again today. I shall go swimming again tomorrow.

In English, we use e at the end of a word to indicate a long vowel sound. Examples:
  • mat, mate
    rat, rate
    sat, sate
    not, note
    rot, rote
    bit, bite
    sit, site
    cut, cute
    mut, mute
 

RonBee

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With most words that one syllable in length and end in a single consonant, the past or progressive tense is formed by doubling the final consonant and adding -ed or -ing. Examples:
  • slip, slipped, slipping
    slap, slapped, slapping
    trap, trapped, trapping
    top, topped, topping
    tap, tapped, tapping
    fan, fanned, fanning
    gum, gummed, gumming
    sum, summed, summing
    drum, drummed, drumming
    trim, trimmed, trimming
    slim, slimmed, slimming
    grin, grinned, grinning
    cram, crammed, cramming
    slam, slammed, slamming
    lob, lobbed, lobbing
    grab, grabbed, grabbing
    trip, tripped, tripping
 

Tdol

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A single consonant after a single vowel.

In BE we also double the final 'l' in two syllable words, like 'travelling', but our American friends don't follow suit. ;-)
 

Tdol

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12) be being

This is very rarely used. Yo u will occasionally hear 'He will be being picked up at this very moment', but it is an uncomfortable usage and we tend to avoid it. The same is true of 'been being'. ;-)
 

RonBee

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tdol said:
A single consonant after a single vowel.

In BE we also double the final 'l' in two syllable words, like 'travelling', but our American friends don't follow suit. ;-)

Yes, that's right. It's a single consonant after a single vowel. The same pattern is followed with adjectives, thus:
  • big, bigger, biggest
    fat, fatter, fattest
    fit, fitter, fittest
    hot, hotter, hottest
    sad, sadder, saddest
    tan, tanner, tannest
    dun, dunner, dunnest
    glum, glummer, glummest
    slim, slimmer, slimmest
    trim, trimmer, trimmest
    thin, thinner, thinnest
 
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