grammar

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jiang

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Dear teachers,

I don't understand the choice for the folloing sentence. Please help me.

Rather than ___ trouble, he left.

a. cause b. to cause c. causing d. caused

They key is 'a'. The explanation is that rather than should be followed by infinitive. But as far as I know, rather than should be followed by parallel parts. According to that theory can I choose 'd'?

Thank you.

Jiang
 

RonBee

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I am not sure what you mean there by parallel parts. However, "cause trouble" is a phrasal verb which is pretty much self-explanatory. (You could also say, "Because he didn't want to cause trouble, he left.")

:)
 

Casiopea

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jiang said:
Dear teachers,

I don't understand the choice for the folloing sentence. Please help me.

Rather than ___ trouble, he left.

a. cause b. to cause c. causing d. caused

They key is 'a'. The explanation is that rather than should be followed by infinitive. But as far as I know, rather than should be followed by parallel parts. According to that theory can I choose 'd'?

Thank you.

Jiang

'caused' needs a subject, whereas the bare infintive 'cause' does not. The to infintive 'to cause' needs a verb, like this,

He wanted to cause a problem.

:D
 

Casiopea

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solace said:
Do you mean that " cause" is a suitable choice? How about the word "causing"? :?:

Well, jiang, the original poster, writes

But as far as I know, rather than should be followed by parallel parts.

The unparallel structure below would not work because 'causing' is a participle and 'left' is a verb. Note, for 'causing' to be a verb it would require some form of the verb To Be (e.g. is causing)

Unparallel
Rather than causing (participle) trouble, he left (verb).

The parallel structure that follows works because 'cause' and 'left' are verbs.

Parallel
Rather than cause (verb) trouble, he left (verb).

:D
 

jiang

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:oops:

Dear RonBee,
I am sorry I didn't express my idea clear. I can cite a sentence to express my point.
I'd prefer to go in August rather than in July.
Here in August parallels with in July. In my sentence, because there is the word 'left' I thought we should use 'caused' to parallel 'left'. That's why I felt confused. But it seems I am wrong. The grammar shouldn't be analyzed this way.

Thank you for your help.

Jiang
RonBee said:
I am not sure what you mean there by parallel parts. However, "cause trouble" is a phrasal verb which is pretty much self-explanatory. (You could also say, "Because he didn't want to cause trouble, he left.")

:)
 

RonBee

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jiang said:
:oops:

Dear RonBee,
I am sorry I didn't express my idea clear. I can cite a sentence to express my point.
I'd prefer to go in August rather than in July.
Here in August parallels with in July. In my sentence, because there is the word 'left' I thought we should use 'caused' to parallel 'left'. That's why I felt confused. But it seems I am wrong. The grammar shouldn't be analyzed this way.

Thank you for your help.

Jiang
RonBee said:
I am not sure what you mean there by parallel parts. However, "cause trouble" is a phrasal verb which is pretty much self-explanatory. (You could also say, "Because he didn't want to cause trouble, he left.")

:)

The verb is cause trouble, not cause. Perhaps Cas or Mike can explain the grammatical reason for it, but here is the way I would use it"
  • He didn't want to cause trouble, so he left.
    He caused trouble, and then he left.
    To avoid causing trouble, he left.

I am not sure if that is much help.

:(
 
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