I had hoped to be at home by now.

glhf

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1. I had hoped to be at home by now.
2. I hoped to be at home by now.

I know if you use 'had,' the action is ended in some point in the past, but what is the difference between the two sentences in their meaning?

Thank you in advance.

Source: Me
 

Charlie Bernstein

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The first makes sense. The second doesn't. Either you're home or you're not.

In 1, you're not - or, possibly, you're home remembering your hope: I had hoped to be here by now, and I am! Yay! I made it!

In 2, it's highly unlikely that you don't know whether you're home yet. Maybe you've been traveling blindfolded and don't know where you are now.

But I doubt it.
 

Matthew Wai

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Does 'by now' refer to the present moment or the past?
 

Matthew Wai

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2. I hoped to be at home by now.
The simple past 'hoped' refers to some time before speaking, while 'by now' refers to the moment of speaking.
So, some time ago the speaker did not know whether s/he would be at home by now (at the moment of speaking).
Does it make sense?
 
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