[Grammar] Infinitives v.s. Participles v.s. Relative Clauses(when modifying a noon)

CHC_Yuhudaddy

Member
Joined
Feb 6, 2018
Member Type
Student or Learner
Native Language
Chinese
Home Country
Taiwan
Current Location
Japan
Dear teachers,

Questions of Infinitives v.s. Participles v.s. Relative Clauses have confused me for weeks. Even after learning relative clause, I got confused all the more.

Could teachers possibly teach me about it, please?


What is the differences between(among) each sentences?

(1)
They were the first men to land on the moon.
They were the first men that landed on the moon.
They were the first men landing on the moon.

(2)
The only sound to be heard was a dog barking in the distance.
The only sound being heard was a dog barking in the distance.
The only sound that we/you cound hear was a dog barking in the distance.

What could the nuances or situations be when hearing those similar sentences for native speakers?

Thanks in advance!!!
 

CHC_Yuhudaddy

Member
Joined
Feb 6, 2018
Member Type
Student or Learner
Native Language
Chinese
Home Country
Taiwan
Current Location
Japan
They were the first men landing on the moon. We do not normally use an -ing form in such sentences.

Thank you for your reply.

-ing form is often used to modify a noun after the noun in many sentences,
so I gave those kinds of the sentences to easily compare with the original sentence.
May I ask for why it is not used in this sentence in my thread?
How do native speakers feel when hearing that sentence? Just sounds unnatural?

Thank you!
 

GoesStation

Moderator
Staff member
Joined
Dec 22, 2015
Member Type
Interested in Language
Native Language
American English
Home Country
United States
Current Location
United States
Yes, very.
 
Top