matthew said:by just using a simple sentence "hit the dog."By position the sentence to diffenet situation, it can have infinite definition, for example, when I see the robbers stealing food, where this sentence can be . The human mind has the capacity to understand such metaphor as we have seen through the works of shakespeare, schiller, and many others. therefore even with finite words to use, the usage of it, is infinte and can produce different effects.
wilhelm von humboldt is a great intellectual and humanitarian, who promote repulblicism around the world, to counter the British's empiricism. His work is always unforgettable due to its significant insight. i would recommend everybody to read it.
here's one where he reveal the reason for the rise of the greatest civilization ever known in history, the greeks. http://www.schillerinstitute.com/transl/humboldt_gk_pns.html
Why is there metaphors, used in lyric can be use in another form to make the same quote like if was using, i open up my heart, to let out what was in it, and i can ask no more,