[Grammar] It is always the basic materials which constitutes the object and which,

ambitious-girl

Senior Member
Joined
Apr 29, 2017
Member Type
Student or Learner
Native Language
Persian
Home Country
Iran
Current Location
Iran
Hello all,

First, I have to say that I am sorry for making the book untidy and difficult to read.

Anyway, I have tow questions for you, according to what I have attached.

First: In paragraph B, line #1, Is the sentence below a cleft-sentence? and are these two sentence equivalent?

It is always the basic material which constitutes the object and which, in the natural course of things, is worn down and becomes older.

It is always the basic material which constitutes the object and (it is always the basic materials) which, in the natural course of things, is worn down and becomes older.


Second: In paragraph C, line #1, Do the second "as" mean "while" or "because"?


Source: IELTS Cambridge 8, Test 3, Passage 3



Capture2.jpg
 
Last edited:

teechar

Moderator
Staff member
Joined
Feb 18, 2015
Member Type
English Teacher
Native Language
English
Home Country
Iraq
Current Location
Iraq
I have [STRIKE]tow[/STRIKE] two questions for you

First: In paragraph B, line #1, is the sentence below a cleft-sentence, and are these two sentences equivalent?

It is always the basic materials which constitutes the object and which, in the natural course of things, is worn down and becomes older.

It is always the basic materials which constitutes the object and (it is always the basic materials) which, in the natural course of things, is worn down and becomes older.
Yes, and yes.

Second: In paragraph C, line #1, does the second "as" mean "while" or "because"?
It means because.
 

GoesStation

No Longer With Us
Joined
Dec 22, 2015
Member Type
Interested in Language
Native Language
American English
Home Country
United States
Current Location
United States
The transcription has an agreement error.
If you correct materials to material, as the original says, you'll fix the error.
 
Top