Passive or adjective?

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Mazen

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Hi all

This is my first question :?
The sentence:
I'm finished.
Regarding to my study it should be a passive statement, because FINISHED is the past participle of FINISH. However, I actually feel it isn't. it should be an adjective statement.:!:

Your advice please

Thanks in advance
Mazen
 

Tdol

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There is a grey area where the adjective and the passive blur. However, can this sentence be put into the active?
X finished me.

In this case, it seems to me that it is an adjective as I cannot make it active, nor can I add an agent- I'm finished by....
;-)
 

MikeNewYork

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Mazen said:
Hi all

This is my first question :?
The sentence:
I'm finished.
Regarding to my study it should be a passive statement, because FINISHED is the past participle of FINISH. However, I actually feel it isn't. it should be an adjective statement.:!:

Your advice please

Thanks in advance
Mazen

I agree with TDOL. It is sometimes difficult to differentiate a past participle used as a predicate adjective (after the linking verb "to be") and a passive voice construction (To be + past participle). Usually context will help. In this case, "finished" refers to the speaker's state and is an adjective.

Consider these:

I was tired by the journey. (passive voice; the journey tired me)
I was tired by the end of the journey. (adjective; state of being)

In the second example it was not the "end of the journey" that tired me.
 

Tdol

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Good examples. ;-)
 

MikeNewYork

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Mazen said:
tdol, and MikeNewYork thank you very much
:eek:

You're welcome. :wink:
 
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