passive

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alan

Junior Member
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Jul 8, 2004
a. I am determined to do sth.
b. Please be seated .

so,here come 3 questions:

1.Both of the verbs above need to be changed into a passive form,while they don't involve any passive meaning,right?

2.in the example b, is "determined" a past participle,an adjective ,or a past participle functioning as an adjective ?

3.Also,is there any other examples of verb which are similar to them ?
 

blacknomi

Key Member
Joined
Apr 21, 2004
Member Type
Student or Learner
Hi, Alan, :-D

1. Yes.
2. A past participle functioning as an adjective.
3. Are you confused with these questions? I hope you are pleased with the answer.


Be seated. Okay, I can't think of any off the top of my head now. Maybe someone would help more with this.



Best Regards,
Blacknomi
 

alan

Junior Member
Joined
Jul 8, 2004
hihi,long time no see.

i still have a question ,it is about when to use "increases" or "is increased".

for example ,i am saying a rate,such as tax ,unemployment or whatsoever,

..
some say "is increased" is used because the rate is not a living things,its increase is due to sth ,while the others say "increases" should be used .

for example,
1.As the interest rate _____, ...........

should we fill "increased" or "was increased"?
the tense is not important here,what i wanna know is that should we use passive voice here ?
 

blacknomi

Key Member
Joined
Apr 21, 2004
Member Type
Student or Learner
Hi again,

I think both are accpetable. With the active voice, it would focus more on the "theme" itself, which is "the rate" that does the action, "increase." When an active structure is transferred to a passive one, the foucs changes as well. It, somehow, implies that the rate, yes what you said not the living thing, so it would be logical to use a passive form here to mean it is increased by people or other economic factors. I would also think it a past participle functioning as an adjective, the rate is increased.

the rate[action doer] increases
the rate[event] is increased


FYI
the rate increases
http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&lr=&c2coff=1&q=%22the+rate+increases%22

the rate is increased
http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&lr=&c2coff=1&q=%22the+rate+is+increased%22


I hope this helps.

Blacknomi :-D
 

alan

Junior Member
Joined
Jul 8, 2004
thanks for ur help:)

I do think they are both acceptable too.
if anybody has different ideas,please tell me :roll:
 
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