Patterns in English (sub +verb= adjective)

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raelynn

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I need help in these:

1. Mary considered her friend wise and handsome.
2. Will the president of the school give the graduates their diplomas?
3. To be a hard worker is to be a success.
4. Be kind and loving, even to those who do not seem to like you.
5. The Queen appointed my friend governor of the new state.

I believe #1 is Pattern 3
#2 is Pattern 6
# 3 is Pattern 4 (?)
# 4 is Pattern 5
# 5 is pattern 6

Thanks
 

Tdol

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Could you give us the patterns as well, otherwise it's impossible to know which you are talking about. ;-)
 

Casiopea

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SVOC
consider+[object+object complement]
1. Mary considered her friend wise and handsome.
==>her friend is wise and handsome

SVOO
give+indirect object+direct object
2. Will the president of the school give the graduates their diplomas?
==>The president will give their diplomas to them.

SVC
is+subject complement
3. To be a hard worker is to be a success.
==> To be X is to be Y.

SVC+adjunct
be+[[subject complement]+[adjunct]]
4. Be kind and loving, even to those who do not seem to like you.
==> Imperative structure: (You) be kind and loving.

SVOC
appoint+[object+object complement]
5. The Queen appointed my friend governor of the new state.
==> My friend is the governor.

:D
 
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raelynn

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Patterns

Sorry, here they are:

Pattern 3: Sub + Predicate + Ind.Object + Direct Object

Pattern 4: Sub + Linking Verb + Predicate Noun

Pattern 5: Sub + Linking Verb + Predicate adjective

Pattern 6: Sub = Predicate + Direct Object + Obj. Complement

Pattern 7: Sub + Predicate Direct Object Adjective Complement

Thanks again for your help
 

RonBee

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Here they are all on the same page, folks. We'll see if I have time to comment before the grammar mavens get here. :wink:

  • 1. Mary considered her friend wise and handsome.
    2. Will the president of the school give the graduates their diplomas?
    3. To be a hard worker is to be a success.
    4. Be kind and loving, even to those who do not seem to like you.
    5. The Queen appointed my friend governor of the new state.

    I believe #1 is Pattern 3
    #2 is Pattern 6
    # 3 is Pattern 4 (?)
    # 4 is Pattern 5
    # 5 is pattern 6

    Pattern 3: Sub + Predicate + Ind.Object + Direct Object
    Pattern 4: Sub + Linking Verb + Predicate Noun
    Pattern 5: Sub + Linking Verb + Predicate adjective
    Pattern 6: Sub = Predicate + Direct Object + Obj. Complement
    Pattern 7: Sub + Predicate Direct Object Adjective Complement

:)
 

Casiopea

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I changed #1 and #2. The rest are OK. :D

#1 is Pattern 7 (Subj + Predicate Direct Object Adjective Complement)
#2 is Pattern 3 (Subj + Predicate + Indirect Object + Direct Object)
#3 is Pattern 4 (Subj + Linking Verb + Predicate Noun)
#4 is Pattern 5 (Subj + Linking Verb + Predicate adjective)
#5 is pattern 6 (Subj + Predicate + Direct Object + Object Complement)

#1- 'wise and handsome' modifies 'her friend': her friend is wise and handsome.

Sentence 1 is Pattern 7: S+V+DO+AdjC

1. Mary (S) considered (V) her friend (DO) wise and handsome (AdjC).
Mary = subject
considered = verb
her friend = direct object
wise and handsome = adjective complement
====

#2- 'their diplomas' does not modify 'the graduates': *the graduates are their diplomas (incorrect).

Sentence 2 is Pattern 3: S+V+IO+DO

2. Will the president of the school (S) give (V) the graduates (IO) their diplomas (DO)?
the president of the school = subject
give = verb
the graduates = indirect object
their diplomas = direct object
====

'a success' is a noun.

Sentence 3 is Pattern 4: S+V+PredN

3. To be a hard worker (S) is (V) to be a success (PredN).
to be a hard worker = subject
is = linking verb
to be a success = predicate noun
====

'kind and loving' are adjectives.

Sentence 4 is Pattern 5: S+V+PredAdj

4. Be (V) kind and loving (PredAdj), even to those who do not seem to like you.
You = subject (The subject has been omitted because the sentence is in the imperative)
Be = linking verb
kind and loving, even to those who do not seem to like you = predicate adjective
====

'governor of the state' modifies 'my friend'.

Sentence 5 is Pattern 6: S+V+DO+OC

5. The Queen (S) appointed (V) my friend (DO) governor of the new state (OC).
The Queen = subject
appointed = verb
my friend = direct object
governor of the new state = object complement

:D
 

RonBee

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Why predicate instead of verb?

:)
 

Tdol

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I thought 'predicate' = verb + everything else. ;-)
 

Casiopea

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RonBee said:
Why predicate instead of verb?

:)

The predicate contains the verb and its complements.

Ex: Eve gave Adam the apple. predicate

Subject = Eve
Predicate = gave Adam the apple.

If we want to look inside the predicate, we parse it as follows,

Verb = gave
Direct object = the apple
Indirect Object = Adam

:D
 

RonBee

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Casiopea said:
RonBee said:
Why predicate instead of verb?

:)

The predicate contains the verb and its complements.

Ex: Eve gave Adam the apple. predicate

Subject = Eve
Predicate = gave Adam the apple.

If we want to look inside the predicate, we parse it as follows,

Verb = gave
Direct object = the apple
Indirect Object = Adam

:D

Precisely. Thus my question. Raelynn posted:
  • Pattern 3: Sub + Predicate + Ind.Object + Direct Object
    Pattern 4: Sub + Linking Verb + Predicate Noun
    Pattern 5: Sub + Linking Verb + Predicate adjective
    Pattern 6: Sub = Predicate + Direct Object + Obj. Complement
    Pattern 7: Sub + Predicate Direct Object Adjective Complement
Shouldn't pattern 4 and pattern 6 have Verb where Predicate is?

:)
 
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