[Grammar] Present Perfect x Simple Past (http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/answers.php?quiz_)

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Fatima Garcia

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Please, how can I grammarly justify the answers #:

Q21, Q22, Q23, Q27, Q38, Q50

Thank so much for your help!

Fatima Garcia
 

5jj

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Welcome to the forum, Fatima. :hi:

Unfortunately, the URL you provided did not work. Could you try copying and pasting individual questions - like this:
Q1 -
He ..... there when he was a child

has lived
lived

Tell us which answer you gave.
 

Fatima Garcia

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Re: Present Perfect x Simple Past

Hi, please how can we grammarly justify the answers below:

[FONT=bookman old style, new york, times, serif]Q21 - I've known her since we ......... at school together[/FONT]
[FONT=bookman old style, new york, times, serif]were [/FONT]
[FONT=bookman old style, new york, times, serif]have been[/FONT]
[FONT=bookman old style, new york, times, serif]Q22 - It's ages since we ........[/FONT]
[FONT=bookman old style, new york, times, serif]spoke [/FONT]
[FONT=bookman old style, new york, times, serif]have spoken[/FONT]
[FONT=bookman old style, new york, times, serif]Q23 - It's been ages since we ........ from Dave[/FONT]
[FONT=bookman old style, new york, times, serif]have heard[/FONT]
[FONT=bookman old style, new york, times, serif]heard
[FONT=bookman old style, new york, times, serif]Q27 - I ........ just Meg and Brian at the party[/FONT]
[FONT=bookman old style, new york, times, serif]have seen[/FONT]
[FONT=bookman old style, new york, times, serif]saw
[/FONT][FONT=bookman old style, new york, times, serif]Q38 - I ....... a taxi so I came on the bus[/FONT]
[FONT=bookman old style, new york, times, serif]haven't found[/FONT]
[FONT=bookman old style, new york, times, serif]didn't find
[FONT=bookman old style, new york, times, serif]Q50 - I ...... the dog for a walk because it was raining[/FONT]
[FONT=bookman old style, new york, times, serif]haven't taken[/FONT]
[FONT=bookman old style, new york, times, serif]didn't take[/FONT]
[/FONT]

[/FONT]

Thank you so much in advance!!!
 

5jj

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Re: Present Perfect x Simple Past

Let's start with the easy ones:

Q38 - I ....... a taxi so I came on the bus
haven't found /
didn't find

'I came on the bus' locates the not-finding clearly in the past. It's 'didn't find'.

Q50 - I ...... the dog for a walk because it was raining
haven't taken/
didn't take

It's natural to associate the not-taking with the reason - the past raining. It's ' didn't take'.
 

5jj

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Re: Present Perfect x Simple Past

These three are not so clear.

Q21 - I've known her since we were at school together.
Q22 - It's ages since we spoke.
Q23 - It's been ages since we heard from Dave
.

The underlined situation is in the past, and so past-tense verbs are what we'd expect. They are correct.

Q22: However, perhaps unconsciously thinking, "This is the first time we have spoken for ages", the speaker may say, "It's (been) ages since we have spoken".
Q23: Similarly, the speaker may say, "It's (been) ages since we've heard from Dave".
 

emsr2d2

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Re: Present Perfect x Simple Past

Q27 doesn't have a correct answer because the construction of the question is incorrect. Unless "just" is being (wrongly) used to mean "only", then regardless of which answer you insert, the sentence doesn't make sense. However, annoyingly, if you change the construction of the sentence, you get two possible questions and two possible answers.

Try it like this instead:

I just .............. Meg and Brian at the party.
Saw / Have seen

I ....... just ....... Meg and Brian at the party.
Saw / Have seen
 
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