sentence analysis 2

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hela

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Dear teachers,

First I’d like to make my abbreviations clear. What I meant by
- S = subject
- tran V = transitive verb
- intr V = intransitive verb
- int V = intensive / copular / linking verb
- Od = Direct Object (should I say DO instead?)
- Oi = Indirect Object (should I say IO instead?)
- Cs = subject complement / complement related to the subject
- Co = object complement / complement related to the object
- As = adverbial related to the subject
- Ao = adverbial related to the object

These are the abbreviations that my teacher used to use. Inspired by “A Comprehensive English Grammar” by Quirk and Greenbaum. Shall I correct some of them?
According to you, what did he mean exactly by As and Ao?

Best regards,
Hela
 

Casiopea

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hela said:
- Od = Direct Object (should I say DO instead?)
- Oi = Indirect Object (should I say IO instead?)
- Cs = subject complement / complement related to the subject
- Co = object complement / complement related to the object
- As = adverbial related to the subject
- Ao = adverbial related to the object

DO and IO are standard acronyms, as are SC and OC for subject and object complements, respectively. (Please note, there are two kinds of subject complements: 1) nouns and 2) adjectives). As and Ao are specific terms used only for complements (e.g. She is in the classroom. (As)). If your source uses those terms, and you would like to adopt the usage, clearly state, as you have above, the meaning of the terms. On that note, I am confused: Does As refer only to subject complements?

All the best, 8)
 

hela

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Dear Casiopea,

The course I'm following -"A Comprehensive English Grammar" by Quirk and Greenbaum- seems to distinguish between a complement (noun or adjective) and an adverbial (adverb of time, manner or place).
And some lecturers at university who follow this book also use the symbols As (for adverbials that follow an intransitive verb or an intensive verb ?) and Ao (when an adverbial follows an object or complement related to an object ?).
My question is what is, according to you, an As and an Ao ?

Best regards,
Hela
 

Tdol

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I watched them in the garden.
She is in the classroom.
 

Casiopea

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hela said:
My question is what is, according to you, an As and an Ao?

Well, let's take tdol's example:

I watched them in the garden.

The function of 'in the garden' is clear: it's an adverbial phrase. But what it's modifying is unclear. Is it modifying the subject "I" or the verb's object 'them'?

As: I was in the garden. They were on the street.
Ao: I was in the house. They were in the garden.
 
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