sentence analysis 3

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hela

Senior Member
Joined
Apr 12, 2004
Member Type
Student or Learner
Native Language
Arabic
Home Country
Tunisia
Current Location
Tunisia
Dear teacgers,

Would you please correct my sentence analysis? (Sorry to bother you again with that but I’m rather tenacious: I’m willing to understand this rather difficult point of grammar!)

1) The meeting is at 2:30.
a) The meeting = subject
b) is = copular verb
c) at 2.30 = adverbial of time ? (form = prepositional phrase)

2) She is ahead of her fellow students.
a) She = subject
b) is = copular verb
c) ahead of her fellow students = complement or adverbial ?
(form = adjectival or adverbial phrase ?)

3) We should look ahead.
a) We = subject
b) should look = copular verb
c) ahead = adverbial of place (form = adverbial (or adverb?) phrase)

4) We parted good friends.
a) We = subject
b) parted = copular verb ?
c) good friends = subject complement (form = adjectival phrase?)

5) Norma is in good health = Norma seems to be in good health?
a) Norma = subject
b) is / seems to be = copular verb ?
c) in good health = subject complement
(prepositional phrase that acts as an adjective ?)

6) Pat is in a bad mood = Pat seems to be in a bad mood ?
a) Pat = subject
b) is / seems to be = copular verb ?
c) in a bad mood = subject complement
(prepositional phrase that acts as an adjective ?)

7) The dog smelled hungrily at the package.
a) the dog = subject
b) smelled at = transitive verb
c) the package = direct object
d) hungrily = adverbial of manner

8) She managed to keep her children off cigarettes.
a) she = subject
b) managed to keep = transitive verb (correct?)
or should I separate “managed” from “to keep”?
c) her children = direct object
d) off cigarette = complement related to the object

9) The animals were feasting on lots of good food.
a) The animals = subject
b) were feasting on = transitive verb
c) lots of good food = direct object (form = noun phrase ?)

10) I ordered myself something to eat.
a) I = subject
b) ordered = transitive verb
c) myself = indirect object ?
d) something to eat = direct object?
(or is it more complicated than that because of “myself” ?)
(is “to order oneself” a pronominal verb ?)

I'll send you more sentences later if you don't mind.
VERY gratefully yours,
Hela
 

Mister Micawber

Key Member
Joined
Sep 26, 2004
Member Type
English Teacher
Native Language
English
Home Country
United States
Current Location
Japan
Hi Hela,

I lose my patience with diagramming pretty quickly, but I'll take a quick look over your sentences. I am simply eliminating your question marks and alternatives where the original is correct, and adding any corrections I think are necessary:

1) The meeting is at 2:30.
a) The meeting = subject
b) is = copular verb
c) at 2.30 = adverbial of time (form = prepositional phrase)


2) She is ahead of her fellow students.
a) She = subject
b) is = copular verb
c) ahead of her fellow students = complement
(form = adjectival prepositional phrase)


3) We should look ahead.
a) We = subject
b) should look = transitive
c) ahead = adverbial of place (form = adverb)


4) We parted good friends.
a) We = subject
b) parted = copular verb (YES, INTERESTING.)
c) good friends = subject complement (form = noun phrase)


5) Norma is in good health (NOT 'SEEMS TO BE', BUT ACTUALLY 'IS')
a) Norma = subject
b) is = copular verb
c) in good health = subject complement
(prepositional phrase that acts as an adjective)


6) Pat is in a bad mood (NOT 'SEEMS TO BE', BUT ACTUALLY 'IS')
a) Pat = subject
b) is= copular verb
c) in a bad mood = subject complement
(prepositional phrase that acts as an adjective)


7) The dog smelled hungrily at the package.
a) the dog = subject
b) smelled at = transitive verb (YES, INTERESTING.)
c) the package = direct object
d) hungrily = adverbial of manner


8 ) She managed to keep her children off cigarettes.
a) she = subject
b) managed = transitive verb
c) to keep her children off cigarettes = object of 'managed'
d) her children = indirect object of 'keep off'
e) cigarettes = direct object of 'keep off'


9) The animals were feasting on lots of good food.
a) The animals = subject
b) were feasting on = transitive verb
c) lots of good food = direct object (form = noun phrase)

THIS CAN EQUALLY WELL BE DIAGRAMMED AS:

b) were feasting = transitive verb
c) on lots of good food = direct object (form = prepositonal phrase)


10) I ordered myself something to eat.
a) I = subject
b) ordered = transitive verb
c) myself = indirect object
d) something to eat = direct object

OK AS IS; 'MYSELF' IS SIMPLY APPOSITIVE FOR 'I' IN THE POSITION OF I.O.
 

hela

Senior Member
Joined
Apr 12, 2004
Member Type
Student or Learner
Native Language
Arabic
Home Country
Tunisia
Current Location
Tunisia
Dear teacher,

Thank you for answering my questions and being so patient with me. It is much appreciated!

Best regards,
Hela
 
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