Sentence Patterns

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raelynn

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Hi, thanks for your help.

I am having trouble with these, please check and see if I am correct.

Patterns: 1: Subject Predicate
2. Sub. Pred. Direct Obj.
3: Sub. Pred. Indirect Obj. Direct Obj.
4: Sub. Linking Verb Predicate Noun
5: Sub. Linking Verb Pred. Adjective


1. Hoping to win first prize, Tom entered the contest.

I say it is pattern 4

2. She always stood up for what she believed in.

I say pattern 3

3. London, which is the largest city in England, is also the capital of that country.
I say pattern 4

4. He showed his father his sincerity by cooperating with all his teachers at school.

I say pattern 3

5. To err is human; to forgive is divine.
I say pattern 5
 

Tdol

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1. Hoping to win first prize, Tom entered the contest.

This doesn't have a linking verb.;-)
 

Tdol

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2. She always stood up for what she believed in.

I see only one object here (what she believed in) ;-)
 

Tdol

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4. He showed his father his sincerity by cooperating with all his teachers at school.
I don't see 'by co-operating...' as an object.;-)
 

RonBee

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tdol said:
4. He showed his father his sincerity by cooperating with all his teachers at school.
I don't see 'by co-operating...' as an object.;-)

Exactly what is it then if it is not an object?

:?:
 

MikeNewYork

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RonBee said:
tdol said:
4. He showed his father his sincerity by cooperating with all his teachers at school.
I don't see 'by co-operating...' as an object.;-)

Exactly what is it then if it is not an object?

:?:

"Cooperating" is a gerund, introducing a gerund phrase: gerund + two prepositional phrase modifiers. The gerund phrase is the object of the preposition "by".

This sentence would be: Subject-verb-indirect object-direct object (-adverb), IMO.
 

Tdol

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I think sincerity is the direct object.;-)
 

MikeNewYork

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tdol said:
I think sincerity is the direct object.;-)

I agree. :wink:
 

Tdol

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I meant I didn't see it as the object of the verb. ;-)
 

RonBee

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MikeNewYork said:
RonBee said:
tdol said:
4. He showed his father his sincerity by cooperating with all his teachers at school.
I don't see 'by co-operating...' as an object.;-)

Exactly what is it then if it is not an object?

:?:

"Cooperating" is a gerund, introducing a gerund phrase: gerund + two prepositional phrase modifiers. The gerund phrase is the object of the preposition "by".

This sentence would be: Subject-verb-indirect object-direct object (-adverb), IMO.

Thanks, Mike! Your opinion is invariably a worthy one.

:)
 

MikeNewYork

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tdol said:
I meant I didn't see it as the object of the verb. ;-)

This is getting confusing.

You mean that the gerund is not an object of the verb. I agree.

You mean that "sincerity" is the direct object of the verb. I agree.
 

MikeNewYork

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RonBee said:
MikeNewYork said:
RonBee said:
tdol said:
4. He showed his father his sincerity by cooperating with all his teachers at school.
I don't see 'by co-operating...' as an object.;-)

Exactly what is it then if it is not an object?

:?:

"Cooperating" is a gerund, introducing a gerund phrase: gerund + two prepositional phrase modifiers. The gerund phrase is the object of the preposition "by".

This sentence would be: Subject-verb-indirect object-direct object (-adverb), IMO.

Thanks, Mike! Your opinion is invariably a worthy one.

:)

You're welcome. I think that we were all saying the same thing. :wink:
 

Tdol

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Too hard??? ;-)
 
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sanny

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I meant this talk:

This is getting confusing.

You mean that the gerund is not an object of the verb. I agree.

You mean that "sincerity" is the direct object of the verb. I agree.

I don't think that's very understandible! :?
 

RonBee

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sanny said:
I meant this talk:

This is getting confusing.

You mean that the gerund is not an object of the verb. I agree.

You mean that "sincerity" is the direct object of the verb. I agree.

I don't think that's very understandible! :?

Hopefully, Tdol will explain. :)

(Say: understandable)

:)
 

Tdol

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sanny said:
You mean that the gerund is not an object of the verb. I agree.

You mean that "sincerity" is the direct object of the verb. I agree.
That's exactly what I meant. :)
 

RonBee

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The original sentence:
  • He showed his father his sincerity by cooperating with all his teachers at school.
The gerund ("cooperating") is not an object of the verb. The word "sincerity" is the direct object of the verb. Right, Tdol?

:wink:
 

Tdol

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Yes, and the original suggestion was that there were two objects, which is an analysis I don't go along with. ;-)
 
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