Take after

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esl-sensei

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I have always taught that to take after when describing similarities was most commonly used when talking about behavior or personality such as, "He takes after his mother. They're both talkative."
In addition to this usage, I teach that it is sometimes used to compare general appearance such as, "I take after my father's good looks."

I don't feel completely confident in the way I present this, so I would like some feedback from you guys. Thanks!:up:
 

JOY ARULAPPAN

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,Take 'after : - to look or behave like an older member of your family, especially your mother or father.

e.g. Tom doesn't take after his father at all.

In North American English it also (informally) means ' to follow somebody quickly'.

e.g. I was afraid that if I started running the dog would take after me.

Note:- 'Take after' is neither used in passive nor in progressive tenses.

-joy, CLD, BTI, Bahrain
 

esl-sensei

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Sorry. I must have not been clear.
When discussing similarities between family members, I always tell my students when using takes after it is more frequently used to describe similar behavior or personality than physical appearance.
If you see the phrase, "He takes after his mother" it's referring strictly to behavior. If you want to describe appearance then adding something like, "He takes after his father's good looks" is necessary.

How do you guys feel about that?
 

Raymott

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If you want to describe appearance then adding something like, "He takes after his father's good looks" is necessary.

How do you guys feel about that?
I don't think you can use an object for "take after" apart from the person taken after.
"In his looks, he takes after his father".
To me (and don't take this as authoritative) it means something like "He takes (from the genetic pool) after (in the manner of, following) his father."
or "He takes ..." in the manner that a liver transplant or a plant cutting "takes".
 

bhaisahab

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I think it means to resemble in behaviour, personality and/or looks.:)
 

JOY ARULAPPAN

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Dear Friends

Let's make things clearer rather than complicating by getting into genes and chromosomes!

'Take after' refers both to the "look" and "behaviour".

for further details please refer to P. 1563 OALD 7th Edition.

-joy, CLD, BTI, Bahrain
 

Raymott

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I think it means to resemble in behaviour, personality and/or looks.:)

You and joy might be right. I haven't heard of it in Australia.
If it just means "resemble", then it should be as common to say "She takes after her daughter". If the daughter resembles the mother, then the mother resembles the daughter. But, I've never heard of this.
It's occasionally heard that "he takes after George Clooney", or "He takes after his dog". This, I believe, is taking poetic licence with the term as it is normally used.
 

susiedqq

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IMHO, I don't think "takes after" is used to describe appearance. Use:

She looks just like her mother.
She has a family resemblence to her father's side.
She's the spitting image of her grandmother.


"Takes after" is used to describe behavior.
He has a bad temper. He takes after his brother.

(I am not a teacher)
 

Raymott

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Let's make things clearer rather than complicating by getting into genes and chromosomes!

You were right in your first post! If it weren't for genes and chromosomes, kids wouldn't take after their parents.
 

Raymott

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IMHO, I don't think "takes after" is used to describe appearance. Use:

She looks just like her mother.
She has a family resemblence to her father's side.
She's the spitting image of her grandmother.


"Takes after" is used to describe behavior.
He has a bad temper. He takes after his brother.

(I am not a teacher)
It's apparently a term that is susceptible to local dialectic variation.
The Macquarie (Australian) Dictionary gives:
take after: to resemble (a parent, etc.)
 

bhaisahab

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Must be a BrE. v. AmE. thing.:)
 

tzfujimino

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I don't think you can use an object for "take after" apart from the person taken after.
"In his looks, he takes after his father".
To me (and don't take this as authoritative) it means something like "He takes (from the genetic pool) after (in the manner of, following) his father."
or "He takes ..." in the manner that a liver transplant or a plant cutting "takes".

I find yours very interesting.
If we think about the original meaning of 'take', the explanation of 'take after' would be like yours.
I'm not really sure but...you may be right.:-D

(I'm not a native speaker of English...)
 

esl-sensei

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Thank you everyone for giving me your ideas.

Well, here's my conclusion.

Take after is casual language which often shows more regional variation than more formal language. Here's an entry from a dictionary:
take after
to be like (someone, especially a parent or relation) in appearance or character
Example: She takes after her father.



And some examples:


“He takes after his father. All the men in his family are big.”
"Jenny takes after her grandfather. They’re both really good with numbers."
 
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