The issue of the articles - "the "

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trustM

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"the" before "hospital" is used in American English but not in British English
 

Aivaras

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kaboodleus said:
Use "the" when:
--the listener already knows which object is being discussed, or
--the listener will immediately figure out which object is being discussed

In this case, the listener can immediately figure out that my eye is being discussed, because I have said that it hit me in the eye.

You could argue that since I have *two* eyes the listener can't figure out which specific eye is being discussed. However by saying "the eye" I'm implying that it doesn't matter which of my two eyes it is--if it mattered I could say "the left eye" or "the right eye."

There are many situations in which I would say "the" even when mentioning something for the first time. If I say to my husband, "I saw something in the newspaper today--" I'm assuming that he will immediately figure out that the newspaper is the one that is delivered to our house every day. If I had said "a newspaper" it would suggest that I had seen some other newspaper when I was out and about.

If I say "She went to the library" I expect the listener to immediately know which library I'm talking about--perhaps the school library--even if we haven't talked about that library for months.

Let me know if you need more examples. I got a million of them!
Which article do we have to use in this: "<...> then we watched TV, ate (the/a/-) Christmas cake and went to (the/a/-) garden". Why the other alternatives aren't (are?) acceptable?
 
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