[Grammar] The 'to' preposition with perfect tenses

Enchanter

Member
Joined
Oct 8, 2013
Member Type
Other
Native Language
Polish
Home Country
Poland
Current Location
Poland
It is normal to use to instead of in with present perfect. E.g. I have been to London twice.

Question 1) Is it incorrect to say: I have been in London twice. ?

Question 2) Is it required to use to with past perfect as well? E.g. He said he had been to London twice?
 

jutfrank

VIP Member
Joined
Mar 5, 2014
Member Type
English Teacher
Native Language
English
Home Country
England
Current Location
England
Try to first think which verb phrase you're using.

If you're using 'go to London' (which is usually the case in a sentence like this), then keep the to. If you do this, then been acts as the implied past participle form of go.

However, if you're using the verb phrase 'be in London' (which is possible but unlikely), then in is appropriate, and been acts as the past participle of be.
 

teechar

Moderator
Staff member
Joined
Feb 18, 2015
Member Type
English Teacher
Native Language
English
Home Country
Iraq
Current Location
Iraq
It is [STRIKE]normal[/STRIKE] okay to use to instead of in with the present perfect? E.g., I have been to London twice.

Question 1) Is it incorrect to say: I have been in London twice?

Question 2) Is it [STRIKE]required[/STRIKE] necessary to use towith the past perfect as well? E.g., He said he had been to London twice?

The choice of preposition is not related to the tense.
 
Top