there is/there are

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zoja

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Mar 12, 2008
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Student or Learner
hi,i have one question
what is the difference between
Eg.: A boy is in the garden. and There is a boy in the garden.
Is it the same? or the second one has more existencial or locative meaning...that it wants to emphasize it....
I think about all the sentences where there is /are is used...
thanks, bye
 

Horsa

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Jul 22, 2007
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English Teacher
I think you have to consider the uses to see the difference here and should also take into account intonation. For example, which would you choose to say if on looking out of the window you saw an unknown boy in your garden? Which if when your mother looked out of the same window, she failed to see the boy and said you were mistaken? Which is more likely to be used in setting the scene in the script of a play?

The difference in meaning is small or non-existant in the bare sentences. Essentially you are right when you talk about 'more existential'.
 
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