What's the subject and verb for the one above? Is the subject 'these here' or just 'these'? The verb is 'are' right?1. These (plural) here are pencils (plural).)
These things are pencils.
(subject: pronoun+noun = noun phrase; true subject: things. 'These' is not the true subject. It functions as modification.)
2. It functions as (a) modification. (Is 'a' omitted in here?)It functions as modification.
2. It functions as (a) modification. (Why isn't 'a' required? Modification is not a count noun?)2. 'a' was not omitted. It is not required.