to/for question

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mylene

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hi i have a question and it's about using TO and FOR..how do we use them i mean what are the rules?!! help please i always make mistakes when i use 'em. :cry:
thank you. :D
 

Casiopea

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mylene said:
hi i have a question and it's about using TO and FOR..how do we use them i mean what are the rules?!! help please i always make mistakes when i use 'em. :cry:
thank you. :D

In general, use 'to' when you want to express movement towards someone or something and use 'for' when you want to express doing something on someone's behalf, like this:

I gave the book to Sam.
=> I moved the book towards Sam.

I gave the book for Sam.
=> I moved the book towards someone else on Sam behalf. Sam couldn't do the action. I did the action for Sam.

Other examples are:

I went to the store. (I moved towards the direction of the store)
I did it for Sam. (I did it on Sam's behalf. Sam didn't do it)

I am listening to you. (My attention moves in your direction)
I am listening for you. (I am doing the listening on your behalf)

I am speaking to you (in your direction)
I am speaking for you (on your behalf. I am doing it for you.)

This cake is for you. (I made this cake on your behalf)
This letter is to you. (This letter is written in your direction. Your name is on the letter)

All the best,
 
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