[Grammar] Verb structure be + past participle

khauff85

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Why does "be reunited" have that form instead of having an auxiliary or modal verbs like must be united, should be united?

U.S. District Judge Dana Sabraw ordered that 63 children under age 5 be reunited by Tuesday night. All other minors must be reunited by July 26, he has ruled.
 
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Raymott

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It's subjunctive. The judge ordered that they be reunited, therefore, according to the judge they must be reunited.
 

jutfrank

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It's subjunctive, which means that be is in the base form. You can think of this structure as:

to order + that + subject + base form

The past participle is coincidental in this example, as it forms part of a passive voice structure. Other examples that don't use a passive voice:

The judge ordered that he return to prison.
The judge ordered that she pay the full amount.
 
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