[Vocabulary] what does "concepts do not exhaust the thing conceived"

mard tanha

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I came across this sentence and cannot go further, please can anyone make more understandable and clear for me?
web:https://muse.jhu.edu/article/598274/summary

The philosophical ideal would be to obviate accounting for the deed by doing it.’ The dilemma of philosophers is that they are compelled to operate with concepts, but concepts do not exhaust the thing conceived; the problem is to transcend the concept by means of the concept, to use reason to get beyond rationality. Philosophical systems, however elaborate, are, in Adorno’s view, useless because they are inevitably incomplete and, therefore, ‘condenmed to annihilation at the hands of the next [system]’.
 

Charlie Bernstein

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The last sentence explains it.

Exhaust here means use up, totally consume. Other examples:

- She had exhausted her supply of cough drops, so she went to buy more.
- Our provisions were exhausted. Now we could only dream of eating.
- When my arsenal of flattery was exhausted, I resorted to threats.

The writer is saying that no matter how many concepts you have, you can't completely do justice to your topic - the thing conceived.
 

jutfrank

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Put simply: concepts are not enough to fully describe reality.

(The problem is that concepts are all we have.)
 
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