what is "after having been", "never having go

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Anonymous

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Does anyone know what this type of phrase or clause is called? I'm trying to get more info about this construction, but without a name, it's difficult.
 

Casiopea

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Re: what is "after having been", "never havin

iloveelephants said:
Does anyone know what this type of phrase or clause is called? I'm trying to get more info about this construction, but without a name, it's difficult.

It's an adverb phrase. :wink:

EX: After having been at work all day, I left tired. (Phrase)
EX: After I had been at work all day, I left tired. (Clause)

EX: Having never gone to the beach before, I didn't know what to wear. (Phrase)
EX: I had never gone to the beach before, so I didn't know what to wear. (Clause)

Note that, what distinguishes a phrase from a clause is tense. Clauses carry tense, whereas phrases do not. Clause also have subjects. Phrases don't:

After I had been (Tense: had; Subject: I)
After having been (Tense: None; Subject: None. Note, 'having been' functions as a verbal-noun, a gerund.

All the best, :D
 
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