wish

Status
Not open for further replies.
A

Anonymous

Guest
I wish i had more time.
I wish i have more time.

Are both of they correct? if so why? How would i use them?
 

MikeNewYork

VIP Member
Joined
Nov 13, 2002
Member Type
Academic
Native Language
American English
Home Country
United States
Current Location
United States
jack said:
I wish i had more time.
I wish i have more time.

Are both of they correct? if so why? How would i use them?

The use of "wish" and "hope" is very confusing to many learners.

The verb wish is used to state a situation that is desired but is not true. We use the past tense for unreal situations.

"I wish I had more time" can be used for a present unreal condition, even though we use a past tense verb.

If we use the present tense "have", we use the verb "hope". This indicates a situation which is not yet known but can be real.

I hope I have more time.

I wish I had more time to complete this test. [The speaker knows that his time is running out. He wishes that it wasn't true.]

I hope I have more time to complete this test. [The speaker is not sure about the time. He expresses a hope that he actually has more time left.]

:wink:
 

jack

Senior Member
Joined
Apr 24, 2004
I wished I had more time to complete this test. <--when would i use this sentence?

I hoped I have more time to complete this test. <-- in this sentence incorrect? if it is not, how would i use this sentence?

is this setnence correct?
I hoped I had more time to complete this test. When would i use this sentence?
 

MikeNewYork

VIP Member
Joined
Nov 13, 2002
Member Type
Academic
Native Language
American English
Home Country
United States
Current Location
United States
jack said:
I wished I had more time to complete this test. <--when would i use this sentence?

You would use that to express a past wish about having more time.

I wish (now) I had more time....
I wished (then) I ha more time...

I hoped I have more time to complete this test. <-- in this sentence incorrect? if it is not, how would i use this sentence?

No, it isn't correct. You are trying to put "I hope I have more time" into the past. This is difficult, because you only are worried about the time during the test. If you had a hope in the past about the amount of time, it has to be stated differently.

I (had) hoped I would have have more time for this test. (before the test)
I had hoped I would have had more time for this test). (after the test)

is this setnence correct?
I hoped I had more time to complete this test. When would i use this sentence?

This would be better as: I (had) hoped I would have had....
 

jack

Senior Member
Joined
Apr 24, 2004
I wish to had a car. <--this sentence is wrong, why?
I wished to had a car. <--this sentence is wrong, why? why can't i use double pass tense when i am talking past tense? what kind of sentence error is that and rule? so i can look it up and understand why it should not be like that. can you also explain me to why it should not be like that too?
 

MikeNewYork

VIP Member
Joined
Nov 13, 2002
Member Type
Academic
Native Language
American English
Home Country
United States
Current Location
United States
jack said:
I wish to had a car. <--this sentence is wrong, why?
I wished to had a car. <--this sentence is wrong, why? why can't i use double pass tense when i am talking past tense? what kind of sentence error is that and rule? so i can look it up and understand why it should not be like that. can you also explain me to why it should not be like that too?

In the phrase "I wish to have", "to have" is an infinitive. An infinitive is always the base form of a verb; it has no tense. To put the phrase in the past tense, chnage "wish" to "wished". :wink:
 

jack

Senior Member
Joined
Apr 24, 2004
Are these correct? If so, what do they mean? If not, why are they incorrect?

1. I wish you were here.
2. I wish you are here.
 

Francois

Senior Member
Joined
Jun 15, 2004
"I wish you were here" is correct. It means that you regret that the person you're talking to (phone, letter...) is not here, and that you would prefer she was.
2) is incorrect.

FRC
 

jack

Senior Member
Joined
Apr 24, 2004
Can you explain to me what does this mean so I can understand why is it wrong?

1. I wish you are here.

Also, are these correct? What do these mean?
2. I wish I have killed him.
3. I wish I had killed him.
4. I wish I have showered.
5. I wish I had showered.

6. I wished I have killed him.
7. I wished I had killed him.
8. I wished I have showered.
9. I wished I had showered.
 

Casiopea

VIP Member
Joined
Sep 21, 2003
Member Type
Other
jack said:
Can you explain to me what does this mean so I can understand why is it wrong?

1. I wish you are here.

'I wish' goes with 'were', like this,

I wish I were
I wish you were
I wish she were
I wish he were
I wish they were
I wish we were

That 'wish' does not go with 'are' has to do with (a) the meaning of 'wish' and (b) the history of the English language. 'I wish...were' is a fossil, a remnant of the subjunctive mood. Native speakers either know the paradigm above because their language providers (e.g., parents, teachers) use it or they don't know it and use 'was' instead,

I wish I was
I wish you were
I wish she was
I wish he was
I wish they were
I wish we were

'wish' expresses a desire, an aspiration or a demand. Historically, the subjunctive was used to refer to someone else's desires, aspirations or demands. It had the paradigm:

I were
You were
She were
He were
They were
We were

And that paradigm survived into Modern English. If, however, we don't hear people using 'I were', then we use what comes natural to us: 'I was'. :wink:

The forms, I am, you are, and so, belong to a completely different paradigm:

Present: I am , you are
Subjunctive: I were, you were

===
2. I wish I have killed him. :(
3. I wish I had killed him. :D

I wish now at the rresent time that I had in the past killed him.

4. I wish I have showered. :(
5. I wish I had showered. :D

6. I wished I have killed him. :(
7. I wished I had killed him. :D

I wished at that time in the past that I had killed him in the past.

8. I wished I have showered. :(
9. I wished I had showered. :D
 
Status
Not open for further replies.
Top