Term: Anaphora

Definition:

Words or phrases like pronouns are anaphora when they point backwards to something earlier in the text:

Helen needed the book and asked me to hurry up with it.

Here, it is anaphoric because it refers back to the nounbook.

 

The term is also used for the repetition of words or phrases for rhetorical effect:

We shall not give in; we shall not falter; we shall not surrender.

Here, the repetition of we shall not is anaphoric.


 

See Also:Cataphora; Deixis; Endophora; Exophora

Category: Functions & Text