ESL Web Directory

Study Skills



A Guide to References

What is a reference? Why reference? When to reference? Where and how to reference?

English for Academic Purposes (Science)

The course will provide framework for reading, writing and discussing contemporary scientific issues based on selections from texts related to the field of science.

Guide to Writing a Basic Essay

An essay can have many purposes, but the basic structure is the same no matter what. You may be writing an essay to argue for a particular point of view or to explain the steps necessary to complete a task. Either way, your essay will have the same basic format. If you follow a few simple steps, you will find that the essay almost writes itself. You will be responsible only for supplying ideas, which are the important part of the essay anyway.

How to Write a PhD Thesis

This guide to thesis writing gives simple and practical advice on the problems of getting started, getting organised, dividing the huge task into less formidable pieces and working on those pieces. It also explains the practicalities of surviving the ordeal. It includes a suggested structure and a guide to what should go in each section.


This free resource is full of practical advice to help you study more effectively at university.

Study Guides and Strategies

A comprehensive compendium of resources and study guides for learners available in 25 languages.

Study Skills & Strategies is the number one resource in the world for FREE information on study skills, study strategies and study aids.

Study Skills Self-help Information

Many times college students have not had to manage their time efficiently prior to college because they are bright and weren't really challenged in high school. The situation often changes in college because everyone who goes to college did well in high school but the full range of grades are assigned.

The Seven Steps of the Research Process

The following seven steps outline a simple and effective strategy for finding information for a research paper and documenting the sources you find. Depending on your topic and your familiarity with the library, you may need to rearrange or recycle these steps. Adapt this outline to your needs.