Although, But, Because & So - Answer Sheet

A LESSON PLAN FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHERS

Level: Intermediate
Topic: General
Grammar Topic: Conjunctions
Type: Lesson Plans
Submitted by:
Published: 1st Feb 2011

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Lesson Plan Text

Although and But/ Because and So

Answer key

1. They have the same meaning. 

2.

“But” goes between the two clauses. “Although” goes before the first of the 
two clauses, and the clauses are divided by a comma.

3.

It should be “Although I live in a house with my friends, I still feel lonely 
because my family is far away” or “I live in a house with my friends but I 
still feel lonely because my family is far away”. You can’t use “but” and 
“although” together because they basically have the same meaning. 

4. a) The have the same meaning.

b) They have different meanings. In the first sentence “I didn’t have much 
time” is the consequence and “I had stopped for a sandwich” is the reason. 
In the second sentence it is the other way round: “I didn’t have time” is the 
reason and “I just stopped for a sandwich” (rather than a real meal) is the 
consequence. 
c) They have the same meaning. 

5.

“Because” goes before the reason, but “so” goes before the consequence. 

6.

“Because” and “so” have the same functions (linking reason and 
consequence) and so you can’t use both together. It should be “Because 
she is my friend, I am happy to listen to her problems” or “She is my friend 
so I am happy to listen to her problems”

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2011

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