Re: the measures which society adopted in order not to be, in its turn,
In this, and several other things you have posted recently, keannu, the problem seeems to be that you are trying to read texts at too advanced a level. Much that you want explained is not really difficult language. What is difficult is the thought processes of the writer. I doubt if 25% of native speakers could understand the full meaning of that on first, or even second reading. If you are going to work on texts like this, you need to give yourself time.
Please do not edit your question after it has received a response. Such editing can make the response hard for others to understand.