Writing Bibliographies

What is a Bibliography?

A bibliography is a list of publications used in a piece of writing or research. Whenever you are writing something such as a book, an academic work, a magazine article, etc. you will need to include a bibliography. If you use any information form other published materials you must list these in the bibliography. This provides a way to show where you have looked for this information, and allows the reader look further into related issues. Academic institutions in English speaking countries regard any uncredited reference, even if the exact words are not used, as plagiarism.

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Bibliographies - Basic Examples

There are various different systems used for bibliographies. The main point to remember is to be consistent. If you follow this one, you will write a perfectly acceptable bibliography.

Pass the mouse over any of the words in the examples below for an explanation.

For Books

For Journals


Bibliographies - Advanced Examples

The following are examples of entries which could be found in a bibliography. You can find more information about each of the different elements by clicking on any highlighted area.



More than one book in the same year

Questions About Writing Bibliographies

Below are a number of questions to test your knowledge on writing bibliographies. Click on your chosen answer to see if you are correct.

1) When you are writing an entry for a book, you start it with the name of the author.
a) True
b) False
2) Which one of the following is the second thing you need to list?
3) When you are writing an entry for an article, you do not have to give the issue number.
a) True
b) False
4) Which of the following is the last item in an entry?
5) If the abbreviation ‘Eds.’ is used, there was only one editor.
a) True
b) False
6) The title of a book can be underlined or written in italics.
a) True
b) False