1. I enjoy visiting Americans in their homes and talking to them about their customs, which has proven to be extremely beneficial.
that to subsitute which ?
2. Before arriving at the airport, he had taken off his coat and throwed it over his shoulder, complaining of the heat.
threw to subtitue throwed ?
3. Conditions in the country has grown so severe that many refugees have risked death to escape.
have grown to subsitute has grown ?
4. A man who can win two elections uncontested is a man who's character is firmly established.
whose character to subsitute who's character
5. If anyone happens to call while I am out of the office, please have them leave a message for me.
him to subsitute them
6. With less than three inches of rain falling in a six-month period, the farmers found it necessary to irrigate the land.
fewer to subsititue less
7. The principle reason for the great amount of pollution is that government does not take the lead in passing strong legislation against it.
principal to subsitute principle
8. The servant returned with a message for which I was not in the least preparing: my host would be unable to receive me because of his ill health.
prepared to subsitute preparing
9. It is necessary that a person drink several glasses of the water daily if he wishes to remain healthy.
water to subsitute the water
10. The patient's doctor strongly urges that he has an operation on his back as soon as his general health improves.
had to subsititue has
Regarding 9 and 10, I think that just because they are in subjunctive mood, that's why ( a person drink ) with no s for drink is not wrong.
and for ' had ' used in 10 to fit it the subjunctive mood condition. Right ?
Re: challenging exercise
1. needs 'have'; 10. needs 'have': you're right about the subjunctive. :D
Two things have proven to be extremely beneficial.
1. I enjoy visiting Americans in their homes and talking to them about their customs, which have
proven to be extremely beneficial.
All the best, :D
With 9, it depends on whether you mean a specific brand of mineral water (the water) or the liquid in general (no article).
That's what whl said...
Cas, if the subjunctive stands, then it should be ' had an operation ' not ' have an operation ' for 10., agreed ?
Use the subjunctive after the expressions:
Originally Posted by whl626
it is desirable
it is essential
it is important
it is necessary
it is vital
In the case of desirable, essential, important, necessary, and vital, notice that it doesn't matter whether the sentence is past or present. Look at these examples:
Present: The President requests that they stop the occupation.
Past: The President requested that they stop the occupation.
Present: It is essential that she be present.
Past: It was essential that she be present.
Present: It is necessary that he have the operation.
Past: It was necessary that he have the operation.
All the best, :D
In British English, we very rarely use the present subjunctive. It is used occasionally to add gravitas in a speech, say, but otherwise it is only found in a few fossilised expressions.
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