Re: Does "all years" mean "the people of all ages"?
I think that's a bit harsh. I'm sure there are many statistics on people who receive disability insurance payment, whether it's through private insurance or, in the case of the US, Supplemental Social Security. To receive the payments, you would need to identify the cause of your disability, whether it resulted from a car accident, and workplace injury, or illness, to name a few. I don't think it's outside the realm of possibly that they can look at people who have been receiving disability and calculate what percentage of the payments were going to those with neurological impairments, adjusted for the length of time they receive those benefits.
I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.