We hope he wins --- It is hoped [by us] that he will win.
The reason it's very unnatural to turn some sentences into the passive is simply that we would never have any reason to say them in the passive! We've said it here many times - just because something can be done, doesn't mean it should be.
Now I'm totally confused :(
"CPE Use of English" by Virginia Evans is one of the most popular advanced-level grammar book, at least in Poland.
You can find there:
They believe she is a spy --> She is believed to be a spy
Does the book give the wrong information?
"He is believed to ..." can be found in other books too:
"English Grammar in Use" by Raymond Murphy
The boy is believed to be wearing a white pullover.
I understand that nobody uses such constructions.
But how can it be grammatically wrong when all these books give it as an example?
She is believed to be a spy (She is believed + infinitive + article + noun) :tick:= It is believed that she is a spy
He is believed to win (He is believed + infinitive) :cross: = It is believed that he will win.
"He is believed to be the winner" would be OK, if a little unnatural. That statement would be given after the race or competition, if there were some confusion over the result.
The problem is that doing exercises I come across many sentences which seem extremely unnatural. Still, I have to change them into passive, for example.
Look at this one:
From the manner in which the committee spoke of her, you would have thought they were going to promote her. -->
From the manner in which she was spoken of, it would have been thought she was going to be promoted.
Thank you :)
Ok, I've got a little obsession with formulating rules ;)
It shouldn't be like that that a book gives some examples which are only small parts of the bigger whole.
It says that the passive of verbs of reporting such as believe, say, etc is formed in two ways (personal/impersonal constructions). It gives an example "She is believed to be a spy". How can I know that there is some hidden rule?:(
What about this one:
The missing jewellery is believed to have been found.
"Being something" takes place over a period of time which includes the past, present, and future.
Winning takes place once (in most meanings). "He is believed to win" can make sense if this winning is also an ongoing action like being. Let's say 'he' is a poker player. We are talking about whether he normally wins or loses. If he always wins, I can believe that he wins. Does he win? Yes, he is believed to win most of the time. He is believed to win.
This means "He does win (usually or always)", not "He will win". (It still doesn't work with 'hope').
The missing jewellery is believed to have been found. Yes, this right