[Grammar] "be busy collecting sth" a gerund or a participle phrase?

lagoo

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Hi, I came across the sentence below:

“The teacher is busy collecting the students’ exam papers.”

Is the form “collecting sth.”a gerund or a present participle phrase?
I wonder if there is a preposition omitted before “collecting”.
 

Matthew Wai

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'Collecting' is a present participle modifying 'teacher', so a preposition is not needed before it.
 

emsr2d2

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It's common usage - to be busy doing something.

I am busy cooking dinner.
He's busy collecting wild herbs.
She's busy doing her homework.

Sometimes,
the verb+ing can be replaced by the word "with" but it doesn't always work.

I am busy with dinner. :tick: (Most people would assume you're cooking it, not eating it.)
She's busy with her homework. :tick: (The meaning would be clear.)
He's busy with wild herbs. :cross: (There are multiple things he could be doing with wild herbs so the specific verb is required.)
 

lagoo

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It's common usage - to be busy doing something.

Could I say that I am sorry having made you unhappy?
Although it's common usage, I still wanna know if this kind of V-ing form after an adjective is a gerund or a participle.
 

Matthew Wai

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Could I say that I am sorry having made you unhappy?
I think 'for' is needed after 'sorry'.

Although it's common usage, I still wanna know if this kind of V-ing form after an adjective is a gerund or a participle.
A participle, as in 'I am happy learning English'.
 

GoesStation

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Could I say [strike]that[/strike] "I am sorry having made you unhappy"?
Although it's common usage, I still [strike]wanna[/strike] want to know if this kind of V-ing form after an adjective is a gerund or a participle.
The sentence in quotes is not possible. You can correct it by replacing the participle with a to- infinitive.

Please don't write wanna.​ It looks like baby talk.
 
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