[Grammar] by+verb+ing

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satya_sson33

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good evening
it is satya .

i have sentence and i have confusion in it. plz explain me what type relation between them.

1. "he erases all marks by rubbing" confusion is that what action is performed first "rub or erase "
 

Tdol

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They're really the same action.
 

gabber

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The rubbing caused the erasing, so one can say that, in a sense, the rubbing comes first. One would never say "the erasing caused the rubbing.
 

satya_sson33

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The rubbing caused the erasing, so one can say that, in a sense, the rubbing comes first. One would never say "the erasing caused the rubbing.

what type relation b/w them plz exlpain me and what type sentences are connected by "By+verb+ing"
 

2006

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good evening
it is satya .

i have sentence and i have confusion in it. plz explain me what type relation between them.

1. "he erases all marks by rubbing" confusion is that what action is performed first "rub or erase "
There is only one action, which is the rubbing. "erases" is the result.

He destroyed the evidence by erasing it.
She kills the worms by stepping on them.
The job was completed early by working seven days a week.

You can make hundreds of sentences like this.
 

TheParser

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what type relation b/w them plz exlpain me and what type sentences are connected by "By+verb+ing"

***** NOT A TEACHER *****

Hello, Satya.

(1) by + verb + -ing = explains HOW something is done.

George: How did you learn such good English?

Martha: By watching American movies every day of the week for a year.

***** Thank you *****
 
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