[Grammar] Have(See) + Object + Verb(pp, gerund, simple present)

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shahin_67

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Hello there,

I'd really appreciate if someone made the structures below clear to me:

  1. subject + HAVE + object + pp form (e.g. I have my car repaired.)
  2. subject + HAVE + object + gerund form (e.g. I have him changing.)
  3. subject + HAVE + object + simple present form (e.g. I have him change.)

  1. subject + SEE (WATCH) + object + pp form (e.g. I see him walked across the street.)
  2. subject + SEE (WATCH) + object + gerund form (e.g. I see him walking across the street.)
  3. subject + SEE (WATCH) + object + simple present form (e.g. I see him walk across the street.)

Thanks in advance,
 
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shahin_67

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Would someone please answer my questions? I don't think they're obscure.
 

bhaisahab

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shahin_67

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Hi bhaisahab,

I mean I don't exactly understand their semantic differences. Let's assume these two sentences: I saw a guy. He was walking across the street. Now I'm going to combine them into one sentence, so which structure should I use? I saw a guy walking|walk|walked across the street. Which one? The same question also holds for HAVE+object+verb. For example. My car is wrecked. A mechanic is repairing it. What should I say: I have my car repaired|repairing|repair? Am I clear enough?

Thanks in advance,
 

5jj

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Am I clear enough?
I think you need to know that those words come across as rather impolite. They are the words a teacher might use to a young pupil or a parent to a child, if the pupil/child is wilfully misunderstanding what the teacher/parent is saying.
Let's assume these two sentences: I saw a guy. He was walking across the street. Now I'm going to combine them into one sentence, so which structure should I use? I saw a guy walking|walk|walked across the street. Which one?
I saw him walk acoss the street. - You saw him cross from one side of the street to the other.
I saw him walking across the street. - You saw him while he was in the process of crossing the street. You may, or may not, have seen the beginning and/or end of the process.
I saw him walked across the street. - There are contexts in which this is possible, but only if 'he' is being escorted in some fairly forceful way by one or more other people.
 

shahin_67

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I think you need to know that those words come across as rather impolite. They are the words a teacher might use to a young pupil or a parent to a child, if the pupil/child is wilfully misunderstanding what the teacher/parent is saying.

Thanks 5jj for your comment. I didn't have a tiny clue it'd come off as "impolite" and thanks for your explanations on the SEE thing too. Would you please explain those of HAVE. Let's assume my sentences: My car is wrecked. A mechanic is working on it. Now I think we can convey the meaning in two structures:
  1. I have my car repaired. (a mechanic has been working on it | a mechanic has repaired it.)
  2. I have a mechanic repairing my car.
I read somewhere that in such occasions "have" functions as permission and allowance. Is it correct?

Thanks in advance,
 
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