Hence usage.

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saloom2

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Hello teacher,

are those sentences right?

He didn't eat properly, and hence he caught cold.

He didn't eat properly, hence he caught cold.

He didn't eat properly.Hence, he caught cold.
 

5jj

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None of them is very natural. Most of us would say, "He didn't eat properly, and so he caught a cold".

On second thoughts, we probably wouldn't say that. Failure to eat properly does not normally cause one to catch a cold.
 

BobK

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:up: 'Hence' is on the way out. But - though not natural - those examples are all correct.

b
 

emsr2d2

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None of them is very natural. Most of us would say, "He didn't eat properly, and so he caught a cold".

On second thoughts, we probably wouldn't say that. Failure to eat properly does not normally cause one to catch a cold.

I wouldn't bother with "and" before "so".

I have to slightly disagree with you about the cause/effect situation there. Failure to eat a good healthy diet (to eat properly) can certainly affect your susceptibility to illness, and a lack of vitamin C and antioxidants in the diet can mean you catch colds etc more easily than others. I agree with you that the rather specific "so he caught a cold" is unlikely. "...so he caught lots of colds" would better.

He didn't eat properly so he was prone to illness, particularly in the winter.
 

saloom2

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I was asking about the hence usage. I think hence has the same meaning as both 'therefore' and 'so' so did i used it correctly?
 

emsr2d2

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Then read post #3 again.
 

BobK

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... I think hence has the same meaning as both 'therefore' and 'so' ...
It means 'from here' or 'from this'. Substitute one of those in your context, and punctuate/reword accordingly.

b
 
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