[Grammar] is it redundant?

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rock-onn

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Wisdom is the ability to apply knowledge appropriately which has acquired through reading or through experience.

Is the word 'through' redundant in 'through experience'?

Similarly, a statement based on business theories or economic theories.

Is the word 'theories' redundant in 'business theories'?
 

Roman55

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Both 'through' and 'theories' can be omitted. The sentences read better without them, especially the one about theories.

Note. It should be, '...which has been acquired'
 

Barb_D

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It's awkwardly written. "... the ability appropriately apply knowledge acquired through reading or experience."

The "which has been acquired" is awkwardly placed after "appropriately."
 

rock-onn

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that is a tough sentence.
 

teechar

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Barb_D was giving you a hint and a chance to fix your own sentence.
 

Rover_KE

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Tdol

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Some people might talk about it showing balance, so there is a case to made against seeing it as redundancy, though it;s not a winner of a sentence.
 

Raymott

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"... the ability to appropriately apply knowledge acquired through reading or experience."
I guess that was a typo.
 
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