[Grammar] instead of, whereas, but.. they're so similar! (a MC question)

bonkiteng

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I came across this question and was stuck.

The stronger cyclones are called typhoons in Hong Kong, ________ hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean.
(A) instead of (B) whereas (C) but (D) the same as


The answer is (C) on the solution sheet.
Is this "but" a preposition or conjunction?

I know you don't put comma before (A) instead of.
But how are (B) and (D) wrong?
If (B) were "whereas they are called", would it be correct?

I originally chose the wrong answer(D) since I thought "The strong cyclones are called typhoons in HK, (which is) the same as hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean." seems right.
Any explanations would be appreciated!
 

Raymott

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"But" is a conjunction. I wouldn't have put the comma there.
If (B) were "whereas they are called", would it be correct? - Yes
D would mean "Strong cyclones are called typhoons in
Hong Kong, and hurricanes are also called typhoons in the Atlantic Ocean".
 

Lynxear

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The stronger cyclones are called typhoons in Hong Kong, ________ hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean.
(A) instead of (B) whereas (C) but (D) the same as

This is a very poor question and answer (C) is wrong in my opinion. Why??? Because it is a conjunction joining 2 sentences and "hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean." is not a sentence. The same goes for answer (B)

The only answer that makes sense to me is (A) " instead of ". The sentence is trying to compare "strong cyclones" in the Asian Pacific ocean to those in the Atlantic ocean.

so the sentence still needs an improvement and using my choice of (A) the sentence should read

The stronger cyclones are called typhoons in Hong Kong, instead of hurricanes as they are called in the Atlantic Ocean.
 

emsr2d2

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What does "a MC question" mean in your title? Note that it should be "an MC question" because when the letter "M" is spoken, it sounds like "em" so starts with a vowel sound.
 

Aaroan

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Answer (c)
In my opinion because Answer (a) Instead of means substitute form or doing something
 
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emsr2d2

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In my opinion, the answer is (c) [STRIKE]In my opinion[/STRIKE] because in answer (a) "instead of" means "substitute form or doing something".

Welcome to the forum, Aaroan. :hi:

Please note my corrections above. Also, the part I have underlined does not make any sense. What are you trying to say?

You are welcome to try to help other learners but you must start your responses with "Not a teacher" and you should only post responses if you are certain that what you are writing is correct and grammatical.
 

Charlie Bernstein

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In American English, but​ is correct.

D is wrong because strong cyclones in the Atlantic are not called typhoons. They're called hurricanes, which is not the same word.
 
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