Conspiracy Theories- Speculating about the Present and Past Practice


By: Alex Case
Level: Advanced
Topic: General
Grammar Topic: Modals
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Lesson Plan Content:

Conspiracy Theories- Speculating about the Present and Past Practice
What is wrong with all the statements below?

The Loch Ness monster exists

The world is controlled by Freemasons

Aliens sometimes kidnap humans (and probe them in their space ships)

The American government knows that aliens exist

Global warming is a lie (made up to give governments more control over people’s

Governments know that fluoride in the water is harmful

The oil industry know where lots more oil is (but pretend they don’t so the price stays

Elvis Presley in still alive

The CIA is involved in drug dealing

The CIA experimented with using LSD as a truth drug

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson was an agent for the Russian KGB

Paul McCartney died in a car crash in 1966 (and was replaced by a lookalike)

The American military planned fake Cuban terrorist attacks in the US (so that they had
a reason to invade Communist Cuba)

An alien was dissected at the Roswell American air force base

Humans were created by aliens

The Americans didn’t really land on the moon

The Apollo moon landing was a hoax (filmed in a studio by Stanley Kubrick)

President Kennedy (=JFK) was assassinated by the CIA with the Mafia.

Jack the Ripper was never caught because he was someone important (and the police
protected him)

Shakespeare’s plays were written by someone else

The Americans dropped the atom bomb on Japan to scare the Soviet Union

Alexander the Great was gay

9/11 was planned by the US government as an excuse to invade Iraq (and so gain
control of its oil)

The explosion in the Pentagon on 9/11 came from inside the building

Princess Diana was murdered by the British Royal Family (because she was going to
marry a Muslim)

NATO got involved in the Yugoslav War so late because the Bosnians were Muslims

President Roosevelt knew that the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour was planned but
let it happen so that he could go to war with the Japanese and Germans

The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was caused by an Indian nuclear weapon test

There were civilisations with advanced technology on earth thousands of years ago
(which later disappeared)

Jesus was an alien

Jesus moved to Japan after his crucifixion

Jesus married Mary Magdalene and had children

AIDS was created by the CIA

Crack cocaine was created by the CIA

Written by Alex Case for © 2015

Answer: Even if you think some or all of them are true, they are all written as straight facts
and so are far too sure to match our real level of knowledge.
Choose statements from above and change them to match your own level of (positive or
negative) certainty or uncertainty, using the expressions on the next page to help you if
you like.

almost certainly

almost certainly not


could (+ have + PP)

could possibly (+ have + PP)

might well/ may well (+ have + PP)

might/ may (+ have + PP)

must (+ have + PP)


probably not

Put the expressions above into order from the most probable to the least probable.

What kind of statements on the last page need “have +PP”?

Written by Alex Case for © 2015

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