FCE (First Certificate in English) - Phrases

A LESSON PLAN FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHERS

Level: Intermediate
Topic: General
Grammar Topic: Exam Traps and Tricks
Type: Lesson Plans
Submitted by:
Published: 22nd Apr 2012

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Lesson Plan Text

Useful phrases for FCE Writing
Work together to brainstorm at least two suitable phrases for each of the categories below. 
Emails and letters
Salutation

Opening line

Starting paragraphs

Indirect questions

Closing line

Closing salutation

Reports
Opening the introduction

Explaining what you did in order to write the report

Giving the most important information

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2012

Contrasting

Reporting what people said

Giving more information

Summarizing

Concluding

Recommendations

Stories
Near the beginning

Near the middle

Near the end

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2012

Suggested answers
Emails and letters
Salutation
Dear Sir/ Madam/ Dear Sir or Madam
Dear Mr/ Ms + family name
Dear + given name
Hi + given name

Opening line
Thank you for…
It was so nice to hear from you. 
I am writing to you to/ about/ because…
How are you?

Starting paragraphs
First of all, I have/ had some questions about/ In answer to your questions about…
There were also a few things I wondered about…/ Now I’d like to answer what you asked 
me about…/ You also asked me about...

Indirect questions
Could you (possibly) tell me…?
I also wanted some information about…
I (really) need to know…

Closing line
(I’m) looking forward to hearing from you (soon)/ seeing you soon.
Thanks in advance.
Thanks again.
If you need any further information/ If you have any further questions, please do not 
hesitate to contact me./ If there’s anything else you want to know, drop me a line anytime. 

Closing salutation
Yours
Best regards
All the best
Love
See you
(textspeak abbreviations like CU are not acceptable in FCE, for some reason)

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2012

Reports
Opening the introduction
The purpose of this report is to…
I have written this report to…
This report has been written in order to…

Explaining what you did in order to write the report
In order to prepare this report…
To do so, I…
The data in this report was obtained by…
In order to help make this decision,…
… asked/ discussed/ gave out a questionnaire/ surveyed…

Giving the most important information
The main/ most important/ biggest/ most significant…

Contrasting
However,…
In contrast,…
Although…,…

Reporting what people said
A few/ Some/ Many/ Most/ The majority of/ Almost all the people said/ reported/ 
complained/ recommended/ believed/ thought… 
… are concerned/ worried/ surprised…

Giving more information
In addition…/ …also…
The second most important/ biggest/ most significant…
Another/ An additional/ A further…

Summarizing
Although reactions were mixed, on the whole… 
On balance,…
It can be seen from the data/ reactions/ information above that…
Looking at all the things people said, on the whole…
Taking everyone’s comments into consideration,…
Despite the… above, in general it is clear that…
Overall,...

Concluding
For this reason,…
Due to this,…
Therefore,…

Recommendations
I (strongly) recommend/ my recommendation is to/ it is recommended that…

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2012

Stories
Near the beginning
At first…
First of all…
One day/ morning/ evening/ night…
I decided…
At that time…
When/ While I was…
During lunch/ work/ a lecture…

Near the middle
At the end of the first day/ hour…
In the first couple of minutes/ days/ hours…
Unfortunately,…
To my amazement,…
By the middle of the…
I seemed to be running out of time…
However, my plans changed completely when…
Suddenly…/ Completely out of the blue,…
Then/ Next/ (Just/ Straight) after that/ (A moment/ A little while) later…

Near the end
Eventually…
In the end…
At the end (of)…
Looking back now I’m (so) glad that I…/ I (so) happy I didn’t…/ I (really) regret…
After it was all over…
It wasn’t (at all/ quite) what I had expected but…
On the last day,…
Just in time,…
Luckily,…/ To our relief,…
It was then that (I realised)…

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2012

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