IELTS- Language of Trends- Similarities and Differences

A LESSON PLAN FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHERS

Language of trends phrases which are similar and different

Language of trends similarities and differences

IELTS Academic Writing Task One/ Business English

Similarities

What is the similarity between all the words and expressions in each section below? (It could be in meaning when used to talk about trends, original sources or meanings, or anything else)

 

A

soar                                                dive

take off                             soft landing

crash                                              rocket

turbulence                                     plummet

 

B

grow                                               expand

shrink

 

C

plunge                              dive

buoyant

 

D

turbulent                                         unstable

fluctuate                                         volatile

 

E

flatten out                                       bottom out

level off                             stable/ stabilize

steady

 

F

peak/ reach a peak                      bottom out

a new high/ low              an all time high/ low

 

G

recover                             bounce back

V-shaped recession                     U-shaped recession

pick up

 

H

halved                                            doubled

tripled                                             dropped by a third

 

I

escalate                                         deteriorate                                    

slump

 

J

improve                                          recover

ameliorate                                     augment

buoyant

 

K

bounce back                                 rebound

 

L

boom                                              explode

 

M

raise                                               cut

slash

 

Differences

What are the differences between the pairs of words and expressions on the same line?

  • grow/ grow up
  • fall slightly/ fall sharply
  • rise/ raise
  • remain steady/ rise steadily
  • significant decline/ steady decline
  • escalate/ improve
  • rise/ rise up
  • decrease dramatically/ decrease rapidly
  • fall/ fall down
  • rose by a third/ tripled
  • just over a third/ almost a third
  • just under a third/ around (= approximately/ about) a third
  • rose to 20%/ rose by 20%
  • an increase/ to increase (pronunciation)
  • fall from 2000/ fall to 2000
  • fall/ fall back

 

Why?

“Shoot up”, but not “rocket up”?

“Go up”, but not “rise up”?

-----------------

Answer key

Similarities

A – All connected to flying

B – All connected to getting bigger or smaller

C – All connected to water

D – All mean go up and down

E – All mean become flat

F – All mean reach a limit

G – All mean reach a limit and then go the other way

H – All connected to numbers

I – All have negative meanings

J – All have positive meanings

K – All connected to balls

L – All connected to explosions

M – All used with a subject who is doing the action rather than changing

 

Differences

  • grow/ grow up – grow up means become an adult
  • fall slightly/ fall sharply – the second one is a faster fall
  • rise/ raise – the first is a change, the second is used about the person causing that change
  • remain steady/ rise steadily – the first means flat
  • significant decline/ steady decline – the first is an amount, the second describes a straight line
  • escalate/ improve – the first in negative
  • rise/ rise up – the second means a (literal) revolution
  • decrease dramatically/ decrease rapidly – the second is more extreme
  • fall/ fall down – the second is a physical thing, so not used for trends
  • rose by a third/ tripled – the second is greater, the first just means 33.3%
  • just over a third/ almost a third – almost a third means just under
  • just under a third/ around (= approximately/ about) a third – the second could be over
  • rose to 20%/ rose by 20% - the first means the new value is 20%, the second is the change is 20%
  • an increase/ to increase (pronunciation) – the first is stressed on the first syllable
  • fall from 2000/ fall to 2000 – the second is the new position
  • fall/ fall back – the second shows that it was rising before

 

Why?

“Shoot up”, but not “rocket up”?

“Go up”, but not “rise up”?

 

words that always mean “up” don’t need “up”

Terms of Use

Lesson plans & worksheets can be used by teachers without any fee in the classroom; however, please ensure you keep all copyright information and references to UsingEnglish.com in place.

You will need Adobe Reader to view these files.

Get Adobe Reader


Trustpilot