A LESSON PLAN FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHERS
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Lesson Plan Text
Phrases with different meanings with explanations of the differences:
A great advantage/ The main advantage – Different. “The main advantage” means
the number one most important advantage.
Make children watch violent images/ Let children watch violent images. – Different.
The former would mean forcing children to watch violent images, so is very unlikely!
The government is to blame/ The government is responsible – Slightly different. The
government can be responsible for sorting something out even if it is not their fault.
However/ Nevertheless – Different. Nevertheless is more specific and means “even
though that is true”.
At the moment/ At that moment – Different. At the moment means now and is fairly
common in IELTS. At that moment is mainly used in stories.
However/ On the other hand – Different. The latter is only used to weigh up the two
sides of an argument or compare two things leading to a conclusion, so is much
more specific than “however” or “in contrast” and is often used wrongly.
In contrast/ On the contrary – Different. The latter means that the previous state-
ment was actually incorrect, so it is often used after expressions like “… claims
that…/ People assume that…”
At first/ First of all – Different. “At first” means that things later changed and so is of-
ten used with phrases like “but later…”, and so is rare in IELTS.
At last/ Lastly – Different. The former means after a long wait and so will not come
up in IELTS writing.
The points below/ The following points – Slightly different. The latter means that the
points come straight after, whereas the former just means they are somewhere be-
Looking at…/ Moving on to… - Slightly different. The latter can’t be used for the first
topic, just for changing topics.
Pros/ Advantages – Different. “Pros and cons” is a fixed expression that can’t be
split up, so “pros” on its own would have to have the unrelated meaning of “profes-
Cons/ Disadvantages – Different. (See above).
Compared with these two locations/ Comparing these two locations – Different. The
former compares those two locations to at least one other.
In the town centre/ At the centre of town – Different. The former is an area and the
latter is seen as a point.
To the northwest/ In the northwest – Different. The former is outside whereas the
former in inside.
Locates/ Is located – Different. The former means “finds” and is unlikely to be suit-
able for IELTS writing.
Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2012