People in Society

Level: Intermediate

Topic: Profession, work or study

Grammar Topic: Vocabulary

Submitted by:

Type: Lesson Plans

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Lesson Plan Text

People and Society Vocabulary Guessing Game and Discussion
Choose one of the people below and explain who you are thinking of until your partner 
guesses correctly. Things you could mention:

Ages

Appearance, e.g. clothes

Cultural differences

Dangers

Equipment

Gender

Good and bad aspects of having this role

Impact on society

Importance for society

Job conditions, e.g. salary and job security

Kinds of people who are suited to this

Kinds of people who usually do this

Personality

Place of work

Social class

Status

Stress levels

Training/ Qualifications/ Skills

What others think about this job

Working hours

Your experience

Your opinions, e.g. if you’d like to do this or not and why

(Traditional) craftsman

Accountant

Actor

Artist, e.g. painter or sculptor

Athlete (= Sportsman)

Au pair/ Nanny/ Babysitter

Baker/ Pastry chef

Bank clerk

Banker

Barber/ Hairdresser/ Stylist

Bellhop/ Bellboy/ Porter

Broker/ Trader

Bus driver

Businessman/ Entrepreneur

Busker/ Street performer

Cameraman

Car park attendant/ Valet

Care worker

Carpenter

Cleaner

Consultant

Cook/ Chef

Counsellor/ Therapist

Cycle courier/ Motorcycle courier

Debt collector

Designer

Door man/ Concierge

Door to door salesman

Editor/ Sub-editor

Engineer

Estate agent (= Real estate agent)

Executive (= Director = Top manager)

Factory worker

Farmer

Fire fighter (= fireman)

Fisherman

Flight attendant/ Cabin crew (= Air stewardess/ Air hostess)

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2012

GP (= General practitioner = Local doctor)
Handyman/ Janitor (= Caretaker)

Help desk staff/ Call centre staff

Homemaker (= Housewife)

Immigration officer

Judge

Lecturer/ Professor

Local bobby (= Local PC = Local police officer/ policeman)
Local politician, e.g. town councillor or mayor
Lorry driver (= Truck driver)

Masseur

Member of the royal family

Middle manager

Monk/ Nun

Musician

National politician, e.g. MP or senator
Newsreader

Novelist

Clerk/ Office worker

Pet stylist

Photographer

Playwright/ Screenwriter

Plumber

Postal worker (= Postman = Mailman)

Priest

Prime Minister/ President

PI (= Private investigator = Private detective)
Private tutor

Psychiatrist/ Psychologist

Public servant (= Civil servant, e.g. taxman, diplomat or ambassador)
Receptionist

Researcher

Sales executive (= Salesman)

PA (= personal assistant)/ Secretary

Security guard/ Bouncer  

Servant, e.g. maid or butler

Shop assistant/ Cashier

Social worker

Soldier

Attorney/ Lawyer/ Solicitor/ Barrister

Spy/ Secret agent

Street cleaner

Street trader

Stripper

Surgeon

Tailor

Taxi driver

Teacher

Mechanic/ Repairman/ Service engineer/ Technician
Telesales staff

Television presenter/ Television celebrity

Tour guide

Traffic warden

Translator/ Interpreter

Travel agent

Vet (= Veterinarian)

What are the differences between the following words and expressions?

Accountant and accounts clerk

Announcer and television presenter

Au pair, babysitter and nanny

Bank clerk, bank employee and banker

Businessman and office worker

Busker and street performer

Chef and cook

Engineer and technician

Executive and sales executive

Lecturer and professor

Manager and executive/ top manager/ director

PA and secretary

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2012

Choose a category from below and find at least five words from above that you both think 
that is true for, putting them in order if you can. 

Becoming more/ less important

Companies should/ shouldn’t be allowed to outsource this job overseas

Don’t usually do their job properly

Foreigners should/ shouldn’t be allowed to get a visa to do this job in Japan

Gets money from the government and shouldn’t

High/ Low standards in Japan

Paid too little/ too much

Should be fewer/ more

Should be more open to women

Should be supported or encouraged by the government

Should get money or more money from the government

Shouldn’t be allowed

Standard of service getting better/ worse

Unfairly popular/ Unfairly get good publicity

Unfairly unpopular/ Unfairly get bad publicity

We could live without

We couldn’t live without

Will become less common/ disappear

Will become more common

Would/ Wouldn’t want my children to become

Can you remember what the more politically correct versions of these positions are?
Actress
Air hostess/ Air stewardess
Bellboy
Fireman
Housewife
Policeman
Postman/ Mailman
Repairman
Salesman
Sportsman

These expressions are still quite common. Can you think of a more PC version of each 
one?
Businessman
Cameraman
Door man
Fisherman
Handyman

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2012