Plurals- Simplest Responses

Level: All Levels

Topic: Numbers

Grammar Topic: Nouns

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Type: Lesson Plans

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Lesson Plan Text

Plurals- Simplest Responses
Listen to your teacher read out a word and raise the “singular/ one” or “plural/ a pair of/ two
or more” card depending on what you think about the grammar of that form of that word. If 
you aren’t sure, think about whether it would take a singular form of the verb (e.g. + “is”) or
plural form of the verb (e.g. + “are”). 
Cards to hold up

singular/ one

plural/ two or more/ a

pair

singular/ one

plural/ two or more/ a

pair

singular/ one

plural/ two or more/ a

pair

singular/ one

plural/ two or more/ a

pair

singular/ one

plural/ two or more/ a

pair

singular/ one

plural/ two or more/ a

pair

singular/ one

plural/ two or more/ a

pair

singular/ one

plural/ two or more/ a

pair

singular/ one

plural/ two or more/ a

pair

singular/ one

plural/ two or more/ a

pair

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2018

1

Elementary
men
women
people
children
feet (both body part and measurement)
glasses
pants
clothes
scissors
policeman 
police
postmen
schoolchild

Pre-Intermediate
tooth
teeth
mice
trousers
tights
stockings
agenda
virus

Do the same, but also raise both cards if the teacher says a word which is the same in the 
singular and plural such as 
“sheep” (and so it is impossible to know if it is singular or plural
without hearing the word in context).
Intermediate
goldfish
leaf
leaves 
life
lives
binoculars
deer
tongs

Upper Intermediate
bias
millennium
millennia
series 
media
medium
crises
crisis

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2018

2

lens 
referenda
referendum 
alumni
alumnus
axes
axis
sheep 
geese
goose
reindeer
steelworks 
means

Advanced
aircraft
innings
analyses
analysis
phenomena
phenomenon 
thesis
theses
bacteria
bacterium 
cactus
hypotheses
hypothesis
syntheses
stimuli
stimulus 
species 
basis
bases
cattle 
spectacles
lice
spacecraft
tuna 
oasis
oases
wild boar
salmon
squid 
trout 
criteria
diagnosis

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2018

3

diagnoses
biceps
grouse 
caribou 
moose 
fungi
pliers
iris 
pelvis
alias 
larva
larvae
neuroses
nuclei
nucleus
prognosis
prognoses
strata
stratum 
vertebrae
corps
metamorphoses
prognosis
prognoses
oxen
koi
starfish
errata
corpora
corpus

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2018

4

Regular and irregular plurals presentation
First of all without looking above, try to remember, think of or guess the plural forms of the 
nouns below. Some don’t need to change because they are the same in the singular and 
plural. If the plural wasn’t given above, the plural is regular (= ending in -s, -es or -ies). 

Elementary
man
woman
person
child
foot
policeman 
schoolchild

Pre-Intermediate
tooth
mouse
agenda
virus

Intermediate
goldfish
leaf
life
deer

Upper Intermediate
bias
millennium
series 
medium
crisis
lens 
alumnus
axis
sheep 
goose
reindeer
steelworks 
means

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2018

5

Advanced
innings
analysis
phenomenon 
thesis
bacterium 
hypothesis
synthesis
stimulus 
species 
basis
louse
spacecraft
tuna 
oasis
wild boar
salmon
squid 
trout 
criterion
diagnosis
biceps
grouse 
caribou 
moose 
fungus
iris 
pelvis
alias 
larva
neurosis
nucleus
prognosis
stratum 
vertebra
corps
metamorphosis
prognosis
ox
koi
starfish
erratum
corpus

Check your answers above. If only one form is given above, that is the plural form.

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2018

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