Absolute & Participle phrases

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Junior Member
Jul 29, 2009
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Student or Learner
Dear teacher,

1. Their hats burning, the clowns ran in circles(absolute phrase)

2. Her soup flavored with hemlock, Mary sat down to her last meal. (absolute phrase)

3. Removing his coat, Jack rushed to the river. (present-participle phrase)

4. Surrounded by the police, the robber surrendered. (past-participle phrase)

the underlined are non-finite clauses, also subordinate to the main clauses.

Absolute, together with participle phrases, bear some relationships to the main clauses.

Do you have a reference list showing these relationships? or any useful links?

The most important question I would like to ask is:

Can all the subordiante clauses be changed to non-finite clauses under the same relationships? Is it possible making some original sentences unnatural after changing, but still grammatically correct?

I have an useful link about Nonfinite Clauses as Adverbials to share with you all.

Correct me if I am wrong, as long as I can learn something. Happy learning to all.
I am much obliged to you for your guidance.
Last edited:
First of all, I think, you should learn the difference between phrases and clauses. You seem to interchange these terms. Google won't let you search long for the difference's explanation.

[STRIKE]Are[/STRIKE] Can all the subordiante clauses [STRIKE]can[/STRIKE] be changed to non-finite clauses under the same relationships? Is possible making the original sentence awkward after changing?
No, only very simple subordinate clauses can be transformed to non-finite ones. Take a look at these:
She went to her brother, whose son was sick.
She loaned some money from the very bank to whose director she was engaged.

Third, you don't need to put spaces before punctuation marks.
How do you do? OK
How do you do ? Nope.

I am not a teacher.
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