[Grammar] Usage of living and live as adjectives

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sky3120

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Do you think that 'living animals" and "live animals" are interchangeable for the same meaning? Thank you so much as usual and have a good day.
 

Barb_D

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As always, a full sentence would tell us what is the most natural. I would say in most cases, "live animals" is probably the one you want, but ... let's see the sentence.
 

Tdol

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Not really, but it does depend on the meaning you want. For instance, if you're talking about transporting animals, you'd use live to contrast with dead- the two states in which you can transport animals. Like Barb_D, I think live is what I'd use in most cases, but context affects everything.
 

sky3120

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live

1living

[only before noun] not dead or artificial [= living; ≠ dead]:
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experiments on live animals

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Protesters want to stop the export of live sheep and cattle.

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the number of live births per 1,000 population

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We were so excited to see real live elephants.



According to Longman dictionary, I think that "live" is interchangeable with "living" for the same meaning. What do you native English speakers think? Thank you so much again and have a good day.
 

iannou

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live

1living

[only before noun] not dead or artificial [= living; ≠ dead]:
xpronsentencea.gif.pagespeed.ic.0x5_xNV-hy.webp
experiments on live animals

xpronsentencea.gif.pagespeed.ic.0x5_xNV-hy.webp
Protesters want to stop the export of live sheep and cattle.

xpronsentencea.gif.pagespeed.ic.0x5_xNV-hy.webp
the number of live births per 1,000 population

xpronsentencea.gif.pagespeed.ic.0x5_xNV-hy.webp
We were so excited to see real live elephants.



According to Longman dictionary, I think that "live" is interchangeable with "living" for the same meaning. What do you native English speakers think? Thank you so much again and have a good day.

Fools rush in where angels fear to tread.

Do they have the same meaning? Yes, it's pretty hard to dispute that. Can they be used interchangeably in all cases? I think not. However, in the cases where they aren't interchangeable, it more a question of accepted usage than right or wrong.

Some expressions are fixed by the professionals who deal in them. I think the examples containing "live births" and "live sheep" are examples of this, and to swap in the synonym creates some dissonance. A rail car with a sign marked "Living Sheep" would be grammatically okay, but a little creepy.

Similarly, a film entitled "Night of the Live Dead" would have difficulty drawing crowds at a horror film festival.

I think we can substitute one for the other in the third example without any problem.

One native (Canadian) English speaker's opinion.
 

5jj

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Do they have the same meaning? Yes, it's pretty hard to dispute that. Can they be used interchangeably in all cases? I think not. However, in the cases where they aren't interchangeable, it more a question of accepted usage than right or wrong.

One native (Canadian) English speaker's opinion.
One native (British) English speaker thinks that sums it up it pretty well.
 
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