Prefixes with Opposite Meanings- Jigsaw Games

A LESSON PLAN FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHERS

Level: Advanced
Topic: General
Grammar Topic: Prefixes & Suffixes
Type: Lesson Plans
Submitted by:
Published: 4th Feb 2019

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Lesson Plan Text

Prefixes with Opposite Meanings- Jigsaw Games

Instructions for teachers
There are two different ways of playing this game:
-

Give out one column of prefixes for students to brainstorm opposites and example
words for, then give out those cards for them to match

-

Give out the column of words for them to brainstorm prefixes for, then give out the
prefixes cards for them to match to the words

In both cases, the worksheet should be cut into columns. The column which you first give 
out should be left as it is and the other columns should be cut up, but so that there are at 
least two or three cards together. Don’t cut any of the columns into cards with just one cell/
box/ word. With weaker groups you might want to make bigger cards with four or more 
cells left together. As much as possible, make the cuts at different places in the different 
columns, perhaps by making cards of a range of different sizes. 

Give out the first column and ask students to brainstorm suitable prefixes and/ or words to 
match it, then give out the other cards for them to put together, like a kind of jigsaw puzzle.
You might want to point out that “-” doesn’t necessarily mean that the word needs a 
hyphen.

If students get stuck, you could:
-

Tell them that each pair of prefixes has one in italics and one not in italics

-

Tell them one of the missing columns

-

Let them look at the answer key (without touching the jigsaw) and then try again once
they have turned the answer key over

When they think they have finished, ask them to check that the prefixes are opposites of 
each other and that all the right-hand words (and partial words) match with both of the 
prefix cards. Then give out an up-cut-up version of the worksheet for them to check their 
answers with. They can then test each other by:
-

Reading out a list of (partial) words until their partner guesses a suitable prefix

-

Reading out a word with one prefix for their partner to say the opposite of

-

Reading out just a prefix for their partner to say the opposite of

-

Reading out a prefix and help their partner make suitable example words

-

Reading   out   a   prefix   and   help   their   partner   make   suitable   example   words   and
opposites

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2019

p. 1

Cards to cut up/ Suggested answers

kilo-

milli-

-gramme/ -metre/ -litre

mono-

multi-

-cultural/ -lingual

mono-

poly-

-gamous/ -syllabic/ -glot

di(a)-

mon(o)-

-oxide/ -logue/ -phthong

bi-

semi-

-annual/ -monthly/ -weekly

bi-

uni-

-cycle/ -cameral (parliament)

multi-

uni-

-verse/ -cellular/ -dimensional/ -lateral

mega-

micro-

-fauna/ -bank/ -structure/ -budget/ -finance

macro-

micro-

-economics/ -analysis/ -trend 

anti-

pro-

-American/ -war/ -biotic

mis-

well-

-informed/ -treated

mal-

well-

-adjusted/ -nourished/ -adapted/ -formed

bene-

male-

-factor/ -diction/ -volent

down-

up-

-beat/ -load/ -grade/ -side

fore-

hind-

-legs/ -sight/ -quarters

inner-

outer-

-ear/ -wear/ -space

inter-

intra-

-net/ -cellular/ -species/ -tribal/ -ethnic

over-

under-

-paid/ - achiever/ -pass/ -cooked

sub-

super-

-sonic/ -structure/ -human

post-

pre-

-war/ -industrial / -independence/ -colonial

neo-

proto-

-Communist/ -Fascist/ -feminist/ -hellenic

hetero-

homo-

-sexual/ -genous

Written by Alex Case for UsingEnglish.com © 2019

p. 2

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